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Analysis Of Corruption In Law Enforcement

3145 words - 13 pages

Corruption in law enforcement has been a nationwide problem for many years. Not only is corruption held in one level of law enforcement, but throughout the three levels including the state, local and federal. The formation of the first police departments were the model by the early english society. The early years of policing began to contribute various forms of misconduct from police officers. Soon thereafter, Sir Robert peel established early modern policing which influenced the colonial america policing to the english society. Yet, even after following the model of other countries of law enforcement, Colonial America corruption still continued. In the mid 1800's, corruption continued to widely affect society as a whole. It was until August Vollmer, who marked the contribution of professionalism to policing, that a notable difference began to diminish corruption. Misconduct occurs at all policing levels and continues to spread worldwide. The most common types of corruption are bribes, kickbacks, shakedowns, opportunistic theft, physical abuse, protection of illegal activities and physical abuse. These types of corruption are seen throughout all levels of law enforcement. Corruption is more prominent among higher ranking officers. Not only is misconduct found among those holding higher positions, but it is also seen in rookies who are just entering law enforcement. Corruption is induced not only from individual corrupt officers or chiefs, but occurs as a result of inadequate leadership structures and administrative policies. Eliminating reducing misconduct must be done by demonstrating integrity, better organization within the policies, stricter recruitment and training.
United States police agencies can be traced back to the early english society. During the 13th century in England, the watch system was constructed. These men were issued to patrol at night and help protect the people from robberies or any other disturbances. Therefore, the watch men would report to the constable, who became the first metropolitan law enforcement agent. In the early 18th century Sir Robert Peel brought forward an act to improve the police near the metropolis. It was then that the first police force in London was established by the Metropolitan Police Act. Sir Robert peel is known for establishing the early modern police. He created nine principles as the foundation for worldwide community policing and organizations in law enforcement. The first principle was the basic concept of preventing disorder and crime by police. The second was to have public approval on actions made by the duties police perform. In the third principle, police must protect the public voluntarily to seek respect of the public a whole. Fourth principle states that the public must have cooperation and act secure in order to diminish the use of physical force from police. Fifth principal implies that police must protect and seek public favor by demonstrating law to the service. The sixth...

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