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Analysis Of Differnt Forms Of Liberty

2141 words - 9 pages

The concept of liberty is important to this very day. Liberty initially means to be fundamentally free within ones society from any types of oppression, either from higher authority or from having different form ideologies that can be political or social. Liberty is a form of power that lets one act on their sets and values. In this paper, concept of liberty will be discussed on behalf of two philosophers, John Locke and Jean- Jacques Rousseau. Although liberty provides one to act as they please, there can be different forms of liberty, which are developed naturally by the state of nature and socially through development of human reasoning; state of nature is based on absolute freedom, while socially liberty is restricted. Firstly, John Locke states, liberty can be expressed as a right that allows people to be free and equal, where no one has the power over another and the person chooses what he or she should do on their own accord. Secondly, Jean-Jacques Rousseau states, in his social contract an essay depicting of liberty and freedom, stating men are born free but in a society they inherit freedom in which based on the place they are born in. If a child is born in to a family that has more power on basis on being richer, that child has more freedom. While if the child is born in a lesser power family (being poor) he has some restricted freedom. The freedom of individuals is locked in chains in a civil society, where different forms of governments give their own way of freedoms to their people. Thirdly, both John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau believe in state of nature, freedom is ultimately there, through complex ideologies and reasoning, laws and rights are created, leading liberty to slowly disappear where these laws and rights control individual’s freedom. Thus, in order to have liberty one must not move to civil community because it takes away liberty by enforcing restriction on it.
In state of nature, Locke illustrates liberty as being demonstrated on the rights of equality, where everyone is free to do as they please. Liberty is made of rights by nature, where any species born to this world is equal. The only way there can be less of liberty to that individual is if someone is promoted higher in rights then the other individual. For this reason, in order for one to have liberty one must have equality. Continuing, in a state of liberty one cannot harm himself or another. For example, Locke states “No one ought to harm another in his life, health and liberty” (Locke, 1690, p. 9). For this reason, in a state of liberty, where there is absolute freedom, freedom does not allow others to harm one or another because freedom is there in good will in providing life, liberty and security to the individual. Also, life is preserved in a state of liberty; it is preserved where all are morally obligated not to invade into another individual’s liberty, which may ultimately affect their life, health and security. If an individual breaks this moral...

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