Analysis Of Franz Kafika

1394 words - 6 pages

Billy LeinemannDr. LeasureENGL 102-00215 November 2004Why?Franz Kafka's "The Metamorphosis" is a story about Gregor Samsa, the protagonist in the story, and his metamorphosis from a human being to an insect. The reason(s) for Samsa's change have been widely debated. There have been books entirely devoted to those reasons. Despite the variation in the explanations for Gregor Samsa's mutation, there is one explanation that works best. The transformation of Gregor Samsa into an insect is a result of his uneasy dreams and uninteresting life. Samsa led a very dull life and this is the main reason for his transformation, and the uneasy dreams he had the night before were just the triggers for his change.Gregor Samsa was the epitome of the saying, "all work and no play". He thought of nothing but repaying his parents' debts and the schedule for the train he had to take every morning at 5 a.m. Gregor, despite still being a young man, had the responsibility of providing for his family (father, mother, and sister). In order to withstand the financial burden placed upon him, he got a job in the high-stress, low paying field of traveling cloth sales. Naturally, Samsa had an exhilarating social life. As exhilarating as his mother describes it in this passage "'it makes me almost cross the way he never goes out in the evenings; he's been here the last eight days and has stayed at home every single evening. He just sits there quietly at the table reading a newspaper or looking through railway timetables. The only amusement he gets is doing fretwork'" (Kafka 106). Gregor is so accustomed to working he takes no time for himself to do anything entertaining nor exciting. It is absurd to think of a young man who is faced with the responsibilities of Gregor, and to have his only amusement come from fretwork. He has no escape from work or the responsibilities placed upon him. This combination was asking for a breakdown of some sort, which unfortunately for Gregor resulted in his transformation into an insect.Despite all of the working and pressure upon Gregor, this alone is not enough to change him. There had to be something to trigger his metamorphosis. There is always a trigger; whether it is a block in football leading to a touchdown, or one more straw to break the camel's back. In Gregor's case the event that set off his transmutation is obstructed. There is never a direct mention for activation his illness. Gregor had been relatively well the night before, as evidence in this quote "'Only last night I was quite well, my parents can tell you, or rather I did have a slight presentiment'" (Kafka 107). Gregor was fine the night before, his hindsight bias of his premonition is irrelevant. If even it were relevant, anyone could see that working like he does was only going to run him down. So if Gregor was alright before he went to bed and he woke ill, the trigger must have occurred while he was sleeping. The first sentence of the story has evidence of the trigger "as...

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