AP World History
20 December 2013
In the book Genghis khan and the making of the modern world, Jack Weatherford allows us to see the conquest of the world by the Mongols. He starts us from before Temujin was ever born. He introduces us to many of the Mongols great achievements, like the conquest of china.
The Mongols, during their conquest of the world, shaped it. As they conquered new lands, he moved around people that he didn’t want to stay there. He moved the most educated to different areas of the world in order for them to run his administration.
According to Jack Weatherford, the Mongols played a big part in shaping the modern world. By spreading around the educated people, you allow them to spread their knowledge to other parts of the known world.
The Mongols used many inventions that they discovered on their conquests and spread them throughout the known world. In China they discovered Gunpowder and Paper. They took the gunpowder to the western parts of the world and used it when conquering other cities and nations.
In this book Weatherford presents an extremely biased view of the Mongols. He only talks about the wonderful things that the Mongols did, as well as their victories. His presentation only makes the Mongols sound immaculate. To other nations, he might sound as if he were terrifying, therefore making his immaculate picture a biased view.
Jack Weatherford is an expert on the Mongols, rendering any opinion that I could form against it inane. His detailed account from his giant list of sources shows that he is also well researched. It would be simpleminded of me to challenge his superiority on this subject. However, because of his biased opinion it is hard to say how much of what he thinks about their changing the modern world is true.
The Mongols waged war differently each time they attacked. Jack Weatherford says “The Mongols never fought the same war twice.” They believe that each city needed different techniques to conquer. They also learned from what worked and what didn’t. The first time they tried to flood a city, they flooded their own camp; they learned from this and it was successful the second time.
The empire spread quickly because Genghis didn’t feel secure with his neighbors. He had learned from an early age that he needed to feel secure about his allies. He only appointed people who had shown trust to a high position; those who abused their position died.
Using fear tactics allowed his to defeat enemies more quickly. Fear was something that could drive anyone to a point of failure. He sent undercover workers to get into the cities and spread rumors about Genghis and his army that would drive people to take precautions that would not be necessary, ultimately leading to their destruction when he came.
Genghis wanted to secure all of the land that he thought might attack, such as nomadic people. Using many tactics he was able to destroy his enemies in a way that would not allow them...