Analysis Of God As A Creator and Sustainer
It is generally accepted in western philosophy that if God is a
creator then he must also by definition, due in part to his other
attributes, be a sustainer. This essay assumes that a God does exist
because otherwise, rather than analysing the attributes in question,
one regresses into providing evidence for God's existence which is the
purpose of arguments such as the ontological argument. Using evidence
and reason, this essay will see whether creatorship and sustainership
can be assigned to God and if they are necessary for His existence.
The main literary source of this evidence is from Hugh J McCann in his
essay on "Creation and Conservation" as noted in the bibliography.
This essay argues that the world's authorship should be assigned to
God given his omnipotence, and will show that it is logical and
necessary for him to sustain it having created it.
Firstly, it must be noted that in certain scenarios this essay will
assume that one of the other Judaeo-Christian attributes of God is a
fact, because there is not time to prove their necessity here.
However, if the proof is a crux of my argument, it will be dealt with.
Creatorship is an absolutely essential attribute of God in any
religion but especially the Judaeo-Christian perspective. This is
because, if God did not create, then who did and what power does God
in fact have? The first scenario, 'who did?' is an obvious
contradiction to the concept of God. If something other than God
created the universe then it would be greater than God and would thus
be defined as God. If one says that the universe is brute fact as
Bertrand Russell did, then what need have we for a God. The second
scenario, 'what power does he have?' is another obvious contradiction
to the concept of God. God's power cannot be limited or he ceases to
be omnipotent and thus ceases to be God. Hence, it seems logical that
if God exists, then he must have created the universe or he would
cease to be omnipotent.
The next logical question is, how did God create? Again referring to
God's omnipotence, he must have created 'ex nihilo' or his power would
be limited. As McCann observes (307), this 'ex nihilo' creation of the
universe is not a process, because process by definition must have
something to act on. A process would imply that God was dependant on
the resources that he had to 'create from', which contradicts his
omnipotence and status as a totally non-dependant being. Furthermore,
if the universe were created as a process then it would have taken
time to create which implies a limitation of God's power because it is
more powerful to create in an instant than over time.
As has been seen above, the creator aspect of God is closely entwined
with his omnipotence and so it must be discussed. Because God must...