Analysis Of Henri Fayols Principles

799 words - 3 pages

EXPLOITS UNIVERSITYFACULTY OF COMMENCEDEPARTMENT OF ADMINISTRATIVE STUDIESDIPLOMA SECOND YEAR SEMESTER ONECOURSE : MANAGEMENT STUDIES AND PRACTICECOURSE CODE :PREPARED BY : JAMES D MAGOMBOSUBMITTED TO : MR SAMUEL MPHANDEDUE DATE : 21 october 2014QUESTION : 2Analysis of henri fayols principles of management.Management principles are guidelines for the conclusions and actions of supervisors. They were derived through observation and investigation of events faced in genuine practice.The Principles of Management are the essential, fundamental factors that form the foundations of efficacious management. Management principles are guidelines for the decisions and actions of managers. They were derived through observation and analysis of events faced in actual practice. The Principles of Management are the essential, underlying factors that form the foundations of successful management. There are fourteen 'principles of management. These can be used to initiate and aid the processes of change, organization, decision making, skill managing and the overall view of the management function.Division of Work, The specialization of the workforce according to the skills of a person ,creating specific personal and professional development within the labour force and therefore increasing productivity; leads to specialization which increases the efficiency of labour. By separating a small part of work, the workers speed and accuracy in its performance increases. This principle is applicable to both technical as well as managerial work. This can be made useful in case of project works too.Authority and Responsibility, The issue of commands followed by responsibility for their consequences. Authority means the right of a superior to give enhance order to his subordinates; responsibility means obligation for performance. This principle suggests that there must be parity between authority and responsibility. They are co-existent and go together, and are two sides of the same coin.Discipline refers to obedience, proper conduct in relation to others, respect of authority, etc. It is essential for the smooth functioning of all organizations.Unity of Command, This principle states that every subordinate should receive orders and be accountable to one and only one superior. If an employee receives orders from more than one superior, it is likely to create confusion and conflict. Unity of Command also makes it easier to fix responsibility for mistakes.Unity of Direction, All those working in the same line of activity must understand and pursue the same objectives. All related activities should be put under one group, there should be one...

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