This paper is an overview for the movie Hotel Rwanda. The movie is set in 1994 which reflects the situation in Kigali, Rwanda where the genocide occurred between people with different tribes. The film by George Terry also shows whether the role played by the international organization which is United Nations (UN) is effective in order to control the conflict that has killed a lot of people and the concern of the world about the incident.
The history and relationship between Hutu and Tutsi
As we look back to the 14th century of Rwanda, the indigenous people of that region composed of Hutu and another ethnic group which is Twa. The Tutsi was actually the immigrants which came to Rwanda from the southern Ethiopian highlands. It is obviously observed that the physical of the Tutsi were taller and thinner compared to the Hutu and Twa. Even though their population were not as much of Hutu and Twa, their practiced of power does not reflects that they were the minority of the region. They exercised their power over the Hutu and Twa and conquered most of the taxes at that time. Thus, it can be seen that the Tutsi were in power and they put themselves higher level than Hutu and Twa.
Historically, the African was under Western power in 19th century. However, they were divided to many countries under the colonial powers. “These divisions were made arbitrarily and without any consideration of the common culture, history and language shared by different groups of African people” (Hymowitz & Parker, n.d.). Rwanda was under the control of Germany before The Belgium take over the power of Rwanda after World War I.
In order to strengthen their power, the colonial system used to separate the three ethnic groups by using the system of racial classification. Effect by racist ideas, the Belgians and Germans, believed that the Tutsi were superior group because they were more “white” looking (Hymowitz & Parker, n.d.). Because of that, they assumed that the Tutsi were more Europeans than the Hutu and Twa.
They not just determined the ethnic groups by the skin’s colour, but also the size of the nose and the colour of the eyes. The use of eugenics was used by Belgians. “Skull measurements showing larger brain size, greater height, and lighter skin tones all reaffirmed the Tutsis’ superiority over the Hutus, by providing proof of their apparent greater purity and closer ancestry to Europeans” (The History of Hutu-Tutsi Relations,2012).
The colonists choose the Tutsi as the holder of the power and discriminate the others ethnic groups. The Hutu became the victims of brutality of the Tutsi and the colonists in their own land. However, the situation changed after World War II. More Hutu were included in administration. The situation eventually made the Tutsi feel their position was threaten by the Hutu.
In the movie, Benedict, the expert journalist stated that both of the ethnics are differentiate by physical...