Analysis Of Japanese Literature Okuno Hosomichi

900 words - 4 pages

Argumentation In advance to conclude whether "Oku no Hosomichi" is a representative work of the period, we will see the issue from three different dimensions. They are respectively the technique of writing, the ideas in the poets and the successfulness of representing writer ideas.The poetry itself included Haiku and verse. For Haiku, the generally used technique was Kigo(seasonal words), a word which has the nature of specific seasons and is used to symbolize the season. In "Oku no Hosomichi", it was written from spring to summer and it can be found in many part of the poem. For example, in Nikko "Aoba"???? is a season word for summer; "wakaba"???? is a season word for spring (Asianinfo, 2005). We know that Basho and Sora visited the Toshogu Shrine on the First Day of the Fourth Month which marks the first day of summer, so in a sense they were right at the transition point between spring and summer, so both season words work. Likewise, in Ayame(??) in Sendai???), hototogisu(Cuckoo) in Matsumasu (??), Natsugusa(??) in Hiraizumi(???etc. are also the season word indicating summer (Asianinfo, 2005). Thus, it was written with the technique of haiku writing.The poem has also references to Confucians, Saigyo, ancient Chinese poetry and even the Tale of Heike. All of them had greatly affected the style and pattern of many other poets whose poems were drastically affected. Among those poets, one of them was Basho. Basho adopted and applied the thinking from the references. For instance, Basho took on the view of Tu Fu and Li Po, which can be reflected onto his poems. In Prologue, days and months is an allusion to an essay by the Chinese poet Li Po, a work which was popular in Japan in Basho's day. This particular passage seems to have struck a responsive chord in Japanese readers. In Li Po's line says, "The heavens and the earth, all the cosmos, dwell in the realm of change. Light and darkness, the sun and the moon, likewise, are eternal travellers. This floating world is but a dream and all human pleasures are fleeting." (Asianinfo, 2005) Besides, examples could also be found in the poet, like the description of power of the waterfall in Nikko includes the allusion of Li Po, Nasu no Yoichi in Kurobane(??) from the hero of The Tales of the Heike and description of hearing voices speaking in an adjoining room in Ichiburi(??) from the Broom Tree chapter of The Tales of the Genji. "Oku no Hosomichi", in some extent, also successfully illustrated the writer's contradiction between natural attachment and his own thought. Basho showed in his poem, many evidences that seem as if Basho could not leave the materialize world and he may even wanted to head back to the materialized world. First, Basho used to be missing his master...

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