Each epoch gives a birth to its' own heroes. Beginning from the times of the glory of ancient Greece and Roman Empire with Aristotle, Heracles and Aleksander the Great, passing the Dark Ages, when Saint Thomas and Roger Bacon created the eternity and concluding with the creators of modern times – Eddisson and Enshtein, the humankind created idealistic images of their best representatives.
Formally, Kant was the ideological opposer of Newton, the rational genius, who made the knowledge and the mind to exist on the level of the God. Kant, the creator of the first scientific model of the creation of the stars and planets came to the position of limits of practicality morality.
«The Critique of Practical Reason» is the second after «Critique of Pure Reason» work of Kant. In it he describes the «practical activity» contrasted to the prudent practicity. The philosophers of Modern Times supposed that a human mind is the most powerful thing and its' abilities are unlimited, from the laws of the mind the other laws and principles arise. In «Critique of pure reason» Kant comes to the conclusion of limits of the human mind by the sphere of human practice and, what is more primare, its' morality and religion. In «Critique of pure reason» he claims, that the God made the abilities of human mind such, just to stay the place for the religion. This includes also, according to philosopher, that morality is based on the religion, and not vise versa. The practisity of the world of science and politics Kant contrasts the issue of the morality, which is primar with respect thereto.
The morality differs the human-being from the animal. But where did it came from? This is the significant question for Kant. Like the issue of the creation «will is a faculty either to produce objects corresponding to ideas, or to determine ourselves to the effecting of such objects (whether the physical power is sufficient or not)». (Kant, 1898, p.30)
This is how one of the ending passages of the «Critique of the practical reason» sounds. But, follows Kant, wonder and awe while they may be encouraged to surveys, still can not replace them. What does it take to research? First of all, the scientific method. It is just as necessary for the study of the external universe, as well as for the study of the internal universe.
This, I think, is the key moment of the book. One of Kant's merits in the theory of the cognition is that he established the failure of analytical method for the science and raised the question of the role of cognitive synthesis in scientific research. Kant rejected the widespread view that scientific method is based only on the analysis, because, the mind is able to work not only fo cognition like theoretical mind, but also to act in moral way.
In the «Critique of the Practical reason» Kant, on the one hand, showed the difference between the ideas of the proper, of the values and norms, and the ideas of the true, of the world of the things, that, which is, on the...