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Analysis Of Mirror, By Sylvia Plath

1504 words - 7 pages

The theme of this poem is perspective, how the woman sees herself and how she is actually portrayed. In other words this poem is bashing the idea of vanity and replacing it with reality. Plath uses different types of figures of speech to try to make the intended theme clear. In the first nine line of the poem, personification is used to promote the theme. The second section of the poem lines 10-14 Plath uses metaphors, paradox and a jealous tone to relate to the theme of the poem. The final section of the poem lines 15-18 Plath uses a simile and a very serious tone to show exactly what the main theme of the poem is.
The first nine lines of the poem personification is ...view middle of the document...

A clear usage of the personification comes from line 8 “I think it is a part of my heart”. This line is still a part of the mirror introduction. The mirror is referring to the pink wall with speckles that it meditates on across from it. It is generally known that mirrors do not have a heart. Plath uses this to allow the reader to see heart to heart with the mirror to promote the idea of not just being something that can reflect an image. Personification is used throughout the first part of the poem to prepare us to understand the theme later on in the poem.
In the second part of the poem the writer uses metaphoric elements, oxymoron, and jealous tone to explain the relationship of the mirror and woman, which ties in with the theme of the poem. On lines 10-11 the writer writes “Now I am lake… A woman bends of me ...Searching my reaches for what she really is”. The writer uses a metaphor to compare the mirror to a lake. Plath also goes on to say how the woman bends over the lake searching it for what she really is. In essences this means that the woman looks into the mirror to see what she truly is. Plath uses a metaphor in this situation to give a more personal touch, rallying back to the idea of the mirror being the truth. Tone is used in line 12 when the Plath writes” Then she turns to those liars, the candles or the moon”. Here Plath means when she can’t find what she really wants in the mirror she looks toward the moon or candle light to morph her image to something more pleasant to her. From this line the reader can be put under the impression that the writer switches to a jealous tone. This is evident when the mirror calls the moon and candle liars because they do not portray the truth as it does. This line can also be put under the category of personification because jealousy is a trait that objects cannot obtain. It is a feature of people. Tone is used here to relate back to the idea that the mirror only wants the woman to see the truth and the truth is only in it. The writer use in paradox in line 14 when she writes” she rewards me with tears and an agitation of hands”. This is a paradox because tears and agitation is an unusual type of reward. This is in relation to the type of relationship the mirror and woman have. It is almost as if the mirror is one of those good friends that wouldn’t lie to you and will always tell you the truth no matter how much you don’t like it. The mirror understands the woman is not please with what she sees when she looks into it because of the tears and agitation .It is almost if the mirror have agree to a covenant that only allows it to tell the truth. This relates to the overall theme because the woman whish that her external perspective would be more pleasing to her yet she is being portrayed physically and mentally to what she actually is.
In the last section of the poem lines 15-18 the writer uses tone and simile to express the theme of the poem. The...

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