Analysis Of Modern Greece's Politics: From Dictatorships To Democracy To The Eu

1735 words - 7 pages

For centuries Greece has been seen as the birthplace of democracy. But until 1974, it was a country whose government had been instable for years. The definition of democracy has evolved over the years and now contains many components. Before democratization, Greece was being run by the Greek Colonel’s dictatorship. Due to lack of legitimacy, internal disagreements, high inflation and Turkish invasions, the dictatorship rule would come to an end. Democratization played a huge role in stabilizing Greece’s government.
Greece saw becoming a democracy as an outlook out of the dictatorship they were currently in. Reasons why it could be seen as an outlook are in the definition of democracy. Samuel P. Huntington defines democracy as “a form of government in terms of sources of authority for government, purposes served by government, and procedures for constituting government” . The importance and effectiveness of democracy is seen through its procedure of hosting competitive elections to determine leaders that will govern the people1. Joseph Schumpeter defined democracy as “the will of the people” and “the common good”1. A democratic political system is in which one has powerful collective decision makers are selected through fair, honest, and periodic elections in which virtually all the adult population is eligible to vote2. The procedural definition of democracy implies the existence of those civil and political freedoms to speak, publish, assemble, and organizes that are necessary to political debate and the conduct of electoral campaigns. Democratic systems are much more immune to major revolutionary upheaval than authoritarian. They also tend to be more resistant to turmoil than authoritarian governments . We see Greece’s democratization involving the end to their authoritarian regime, the installation of a new democratic regime, and thus its consolidation. Although Samuel P. Huntington makes interesting points about the definition of democracy, there is no simple definition of democracy. Rather each definition of democracy varies from country to country. A country’s democracy is based upon that country’s socioeconomic conditions, policy ideologies, and governmental structure.
To understand Greece’s transition to a democracy, one must understand its previous government state, authoritarian dictatorship. An authoritarian regime involves liberalization in which is the partial opening of an authoritarian system short of choosing governmental leaders through freely competitive elections2. A traditional authoritarian system is characterized by a single leader or small group of leaders, no party or a weak party, no mass mobilization, possibly a mentality, but not ideology, limited government, limited, not responsible, political pluralism, and not effort to remake society and human nature2. In other words, an authoritarian regime can be considered the opposite of democracy due to its lack of leaders elected by the people and policies that neglect the...

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