Federico Garcia Lorca's three plays, "Blood Wedding," "Yerma," and "The House of Bernarda Alba" share many symbolisms. Lorca (Short Biography) wrote about many subjects and objects that often have an unconscious double meaning. These unconscious symbols are known as archetypes, developed by the psychologist, Carl G. Jung. This paper will analyze these symbols using Jung's theory of the archetype. By doing so, the analysis will better explain some of the unconscious meaning and original thoughts behind Lorca's symbols. This is important because a detailed reading will allow the reader to clearly understand each symbol and why it is important to the society in the play, and to Lorca's society.
To begin, Jung explains that an archetype is an inherited idea or thought derived from the experiences of the society and present in the unconscious of the individual. The archetype depends heavily on the collective unconscious. The unconscious is merely a place of thought that retains all forgotten and suppressed information. The collective thinking is important because this part of the unconscious does not focus on the individual. It is universal and has elements that are basically the same everywhere and in every person. Jung suggests, "The collective unconscious, so far as we know, is self-identical in all Western men and thus constitutes a psychic foundation, superpersonal its nature, that is present in every one of us" (53).
Therefore, when dealing with the archetype, we are dealing with ancient images impressed upon the mind. The archetype expresses the primitive view of the world spoken in myths and fables. In these situations, we are dealing with the molded form of the unconscious, images about the world that have been handed down from generations and unchanged form a lasting impression upon people. "In Jung's thought, archetypes have been imprinted on the psyche from time immemorial" (Goldrunner 105). Since archetypes are the formulation of the results of countless experiences of our ancestors, it is possible for the archetype to cross section all experiences. This basically means that one object can symbolize the same thing in different events or experiences.
Archetypal images are objects that allude to the instincts of man. The archetypes "are the manifestations of the instincts, that is to say, creative impulses from the unconscious," (Goldrunner 107). An archetype always expresses a comparison. If someone talks about a tree and identifies it as the basis of life, it is neither one of these things, but actually a third unknown thing that can find a happy medium expression within the first two.
The archetype will never let us forget the psychology of the past. It inspires our natural instincts, behavior, and thought. The importance of these instincts is immeasurable within literature that focuses on the injustices of society and its "civilized culture." The repression of these instincts has allowed modern society to dictate how...