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Analysis Of Sheet Music, Johann Sebastian Bach

1104 words - 4 pages

Analysis of Sheet Music

While many people listen and enjoy music, not all people analyze music for more complex things such as formal analysis or melody. However, by examining music for these things it is possible to gain a greater understanding of the music. This makes it so that people have greater appreciation for the music as well. Some of the best music to analyze is classical music. This is because classical music has many different levels and has lasted test of time over many year. The current essay examine Bach’s work prelude-fugue in D major for background, formal elements, and cultural elements.
    Johann Sebastian Bach is one of history’s most important composers. He was a German composer who lived between the 17th and 18th centuries. Even though his music did not gain great acclaim until 19th century, since this time Bach is viewed as one of greatest composer ever. The title of the song is Bach’s prelude-fugue in D major. This song is from the Well-Tempered Clavier which is a collection of keyboard music he recorded toward early part of 19th century. The Well-Tempered Clavier is one of Bach’s most popular works. It contains two volumes. In each of these volumes there is a prelude and fugue in every major and minor key of chromatic scale. The great amount of variety in composition makes the composition very complex but also very enjoyable to listen to. Bach’s prelude-fugue in D major was first release in 1722.
Listening to Bach’s prelude-fugue in D major the first thing that is noticed is that it is very complex. There are many different notes that are played in the opening part of the composition. Having this many notes gives one immediate feeling of how the music is complex. The time signature of the music is 12/8. Having this time signature means that many notes are played per beat and shows how the music is difficult and complex. The music had a prelude and fugue in every and minor key of the scale. This shows that in addition to there being many notes played, the notes have lots of different variety. Although the tempo of the music was not listed in the sheet music it was possible to find this by tapping. It appeared that the music had a high tempo level with three or four beats per second. There were not a significant amount tempo changes. However, some tempo changes did occur. During measure 36 through 39 a significant tempo change occurred because there is a lot less notes used during this section. Following this section the tempo increases again throughout the rest of the music.
    More specific, the music begin with key C Major then the music has a fugue and the fugue is in the same key. After this, the music goes down the scale to C minor and then to C#. This same cycle happens for the next note in D until every key has been represented. The harmony and melody of the piece is very complex as it has been said. For example, many times during the piece the music begins at a low scale degree and then ends on a high...

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