Reason for choosing the theme
Literature plays an important part in our life. Readers through literature can gain pleasure, or develops taste and perception. Each nation has its own literature because literature reflects its own national history, cultural tradition, customs, languages and ways of living. So do English and American.
Being a student of English, it is useful for me to study English and American literature. Through the literature words I can know more about history, tradition, customs and people of these countries. Especially, my knowledge of language will be also improved. American literature is very young, though, it is independent from British literature and in fact, it has established its own identify and gained some achievements. American itself has its place in readers' hearts all over the world with beloved author and enjoyable works of literature. One of the most popular writers who lay the foundation for American literature is Mark Twain. He is also one of the leading figures who make deep impact on American literature. As his fellow-the writer Hemingway says Mark Twain creates the greatest American character in the greatest American book. One of his most interesting novels is "The adventures of Tom Sawyer" which gives me the deepest impression. The story is about a boy's adventures only, but under Mark Twain talent pen, it becomes attractive to both children and grown-ups. Through Tom Sawyer, a self-indulgent, mischievous but intelligent, generous and kind-hearted boy, Mark Twain wants to express his profound understanding and sympathy of boy's thoughts, emotions, and dreams with his humorous but gentle smile. He also wants to show his wish to build a better world like Tom's dreams. It is the story significance that draws readers' attention and causes them to think about.
That is the reason I come to the decision to choose this theme for my study. I hope my small study on analyzing the character in the literature work will be helpful for me in enjoying and perceiving literature. In my writing, I only have the wish to talk about the character Tom Sawyer and his characteristic through "The Adventures of Tom Sawyer."
Chapter I. Literary theory
I.1. What is literature?
There are different definitions of literature depending on how we enjoy it. But the most popular is "literature is humanity" of M.Gorki. Why is this definition widely-known like that? Literature, in the other words, is a great mirror that reflects life. There are all matters of life. So literature is regarded to be a twin of the real world, built up from materials from real life and it, in turn, makes attribution to the decoration of life. Literature makes man more humane. Time can destroy everything but literature. A long with time, literature work becomes more and more valuable and closer to life. It not only helps us value our life but also gives us a bunker, more sympathetic insight into the people and lives in the...