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Analysis Of The Birth Of Sparta

1833 words - 7 pages

In modern day, when people think of powerful nations, they think of China, The United States, and Russia. In the early ages, some of the strongest civilizations were the Athenians, Persians, and the Spartans. All three nations were unique, but nothing quite compares to the Spartans. From their military, how they raise their kids, and their women, no civilization can compare. The Spartans focus was to become a perfect nation. To fulfill their goal, they created a powerful army that begins military training at the age of seven. During the rigorous military training, the ideas of discipline, courage, and trust were burned into their skulls. The end result created one of the most dominant forces in their era.
The Birth of Sparta
Settled in Lakonia, the Spartans “were descended from a group of Greek-speaking tribes” (Souza 25). Five villages 100 years amalgamated to form one city called Sparta. The five cities decided Sparta would be ruled by two royal families known as the Agiadai and the Eurypontiai. Each family provided a king who were advised by a council of elders. Gradually, Sparta’s influence exerted over the neighboring cities and took control. At the end of the 8th century, Spartans defeated the inhabitants of Messenia. However, Messenia were difficult to completely dominate. In result, the inhabitants rebelled which turned to a “long, hard war” (Souza 25). The Spartans were victorious and made the inhabitants their slaves. Messenia was a very fertile region located in the south-western Peloponnese. Messenia’s fertile land provided Sparta with a division of labor. The inhabitants of Messenia, who were now slaves, provided the food and other basic needs, while the other inhabitants helped with manufacturing and trades. In result of the divison of labor, the Spartan citizens formed “an elite social and political group, called the Equals” (Souza 25). The Equals would vote upon major issues like declaring war and making alliances with other states. “The equals devoted themselves to military training and gradually evolved into the most effective army in the Greek world” (Souza 25). Sparta decided to keep their two kings who acted as military commanders.

Born a Spartan, Made a Warrior
Adults would laugh when a kid says he has had a hard time growing up. The worst thing a kid can complain about, assuming he or she has the basic needs, is going to bed early or sharing their toys. Spartans would laugh at the fact that the kids had toys to begin with. In Sparta, the parents didn’t decided whether the child lived or died, but it was the city elders who decide the child’s fate. If the baby was not an image of a perfect Spartan warrior, they were thrown into the deposits, or place of rejection, and their decisions were “final and absolute” (Archer, The Spartans).
When the boy turns seven, he begins the “agoge” which literally means rearing. The agoge was the severe education and training for all male Spartans. The emphasis of this training was to...

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