For almost 80 years, college students are mandated by the government to undergo military or civil training to prepare the Filipinos in serving the nation. The National Defense Act, the National Service Law, Basic Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) and Expanded ROTC program are all the laws that require each of us to render personal military or civil service. However, on the start of the school year 2002, the Republic Act 9163 or National Service Training Program (NSTP) Act of 2001, wherein students are given the option to choose among Civic Welfare Training Service (CWTS), Literacy Training Service (LTS) and ROTC, was implemented that resulted to the abolishment of mandatory ROTC in the Philippines.
Mark Welson Chua, a former engineering student at University of Santo Tomas (UST), became a victim of illegal ROTC practices. Chua’s death exposed the violence and corruption within the ROTC that was bred from its leaders which eventually led to a massive uprising of the youth and concerned parents against the ROTC program. This paved the way to the creation of the NSTP to satisfy the government’s duty to prepare the citizenry in serving the country.
In the latter months of 2013, attempts were made to revive compulsory ROTC. There were at least four bills seeking to reinstate mandatory ROTC for tertiary students in colleges and universities. If such bill were to be passed, there would be a constitutional provision that will give the power to require the people to defend the state and order them to provide military or civil service. Cavite Representative Francis Gerard Abaya (2013), as cited in Salaverria (2013), believes that mandatory military training has become more true and timely because of recent events in which the country may have to defend its territory from incursions by foreign powers.
While the Association of Generals and Flag Officers (AFGO) supported the efforts of House representatives to restore mandatory ROTC so that patriotism would be reinstilled in the minds of the youth, the Anakbayan, a youth group, bucks the House’s proposal and calls mandatory military training “useless” and “harmful” (Manalo, 2013). A youth leader believes that ROTC will just militarize the campuses as it will give the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) to circumvent prohibitions of their presence in school (Manalo, 2013).
Considering the internal and external threats that face our country, preparatory military training such as Reserve Officers Training Corps (ROTC) should be mandatorily implemented to adequately prepare the citizens for military service to his country if an emergency arises. In this research, the authors focus on the effects of imposing compulsory military training in college students. Also, this paper would determine the most preferred NSTP component of De La Salle Lipa (DLSL) students and their side in the revival of mandatory ROTC. Furthermore, this research will analyze the views of experts or professionals concerned with the...