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Analysis Of The Industrial Revolution With Comparisons Of Various "Fathers" Of The Modern Industrial Machine Such As: John Locke, Karl Marx And Robert Owens.

2707 words - 11 pages

The industrial revolution, a nearly century long progression, brought forth unprecedented and unheard of technological, sociological and economical changes throughout Europe and the civilized world. It's feasible to say that laissez faire economic thinking is the forefather and beginning of the industrial revolution. Laissez faire economics embraced free trade, advocated private enterprise and was a direct contradiction to the centuries of aristocratic domination of trade. It opened up a whole new world, the birth of import/export trade was seen and the middle class man now becomes the dominant force in economics. There are other countless factors which lead to the birth of the industrial revolution including an explosive population increase, dependent colonies in resource rich lands, an ever increasing market for the production of manufactured goods, and the shift from an agricultural dominated economy to a more industrial based society.The industrial revolution took place throughout Europe in very different times and in very different ways. Many great thinkers contributed to the industrial revolution, Adam Smith, though alive for only the very beginning of the period, was a huge contributor to its concepts and ideals. There were many critics of the revolution as well. Karl Marx is perhaps one of the most well known and influential critics of the industrial revolution and its effects on the human lives and the family life. He is also the pioneer and essentially the creator of the modern communist thoughts. Some people had different thoughts about society as well as the economy of the industrial revolution. Robert Owen believed that the industrial revolution would induce a cultural revolution as well. His belief was that if you treated your employees well, compensated them for their work fairly, and educated them that you would in turn see a much happier, better adjusted and productive working force. Thomas Malthus however, disagreed with that entire principle. His thought was that the poor were destined to be poor, regardless of what help or aid that you gave them. He actually believed that helping the poor was counter productive for both the rich and the poor.Before the industrial revolution much of the industry was cottage based, taking place in the countryside where entire families in single houses would work to produce a product. Father, son, Mother and daughter, all would work together as a unit, producing what was needed to make a living. This was the way that it was done for centuries, but it ceased to be efficient when the demand for manufactured goods skyrocketed. Not only could the cottage industry not support the demand, but with new, expensive, and often large machinery they couldn't afford to remain competitive. Soon families were being divided, the men and just as often the women, were going to cities for jobs in textile and steel producing factories. According to Karl Marx it was the destruction of the family, tearing apart the...

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