Analysis Of Three Non Western Cultures On Diversity Leadership

2811 words - 11 pages

INTRODUCTION
Globalization, and the need for an improved economic integration, has led to increased cultural diversity of organisations’ fundamental values and also among individual employees of an organization. Globalization can be defined as a process by which national and regional economies, cultures and societies become integrated through a world network of trade, communications, transportation and immigration (Beck, 2000). For organisations to succeed in the increasingly competitive global stage there must be diversity leadership; a change is necessary from the traditional leadership values and norms. This is because to manage diversity is more than just acknowledging the difference in people. The concept of diversity therefore includes respect and acceptance; it means understanding each other and moving forward, this can be along the dimensions of race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, socio-economic status, age, physical abilities, religious and political beliefs and their nurturing in a safe and positive environment (Jackson and Ruderman, 1995). The culture of an organization reflects on its leadership style. Culture is a shared pattern of interactions, understandings and behaviours, learned through socialization(Kroeber and Kluckhohn, 1952).The increase in global integration has increased diversity and global competition among organization, as a result diversity leadership has become a necessity because of globalization and macro national level of diversity. Diversity leadership means recognising that cultural preferences differ and adopt strategies and processes that work for different group members (Chong, 2004). The increase of multinational companies from emerging regions is prompting cross-cultural management issues by becoming dominant global players. Not only that they have challenged the western nations which were dominating before now, they also have proved to be successful to a significant extent. Although these multi-national organizations from emerging regions has been highly successful, there leadership values and idiosyncrasies are little known, therefore a review is necessary to assess the leadership values and idiosyncrasies of these emerging regions. This paper review aims to critique on the advantages and disadvantages of leadership values of three non-western cultures namely African, Indian and Confucian cultures, comparing them with the western culture and providing recommendation for the adoption of a more effective approach to diversity management.
Indian as collectivist country is one of the emerging economies in the world and the world’s second most populous country. The economic liberalization of India opened the country’s home grown monopolistic organizations to an increased pressure on home soil (Nigam and Zhang, 2011). As a result of this, there has been an increased focus on adopting novel management practices to foster increasing professionalism and increase efficiency and effectiveness. Before the...

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