Iraq is a Middle-Eastern country of diversity and turmoil. The people of Iraq, coming from ethic groups such as Kurdish, Arab, Turkoman, and Assyrian, and holding a nearly 97% Muslim population (CIA World Fact Book), remain a lost peoples fighting to create their new country without the tyranny of the past quarter century.
The beginning of the reformation of Iraq started in 1979 with the Iranian revolution, during which major changes were made in the U.S.'s policies concerning Iraq, and the beginning of Saddam Hussein's over two decade long presidency. Also in this year began the Iranian hostage crisis when Americans were held in the U.S. embassy in Tehran for over a year. Iraq was then listed on the State Departments list of countries that were known to be sponsoring "terrorist" groups.
By 1980, the eight-year long Iran-Iraq war has begun and throughout the rest of the 1980's a change in the relationship between Iraq and the United States began. President Reagan, without Congress notification, lifted Iraq from the State Department list of terrorist sponsors, which entitled Iraq to US support, including billions of dollars of credits, US advice, military intelligence, and weapons supplies. Over the next year, US aid, secretly initiated and supported by Regan, grew, though knowledge of the uses of US supplies, such as poison gas used against Iranian troops and the building of Iraq's chemical weapons infrastructure was well known. From 1985-1988, US aid to Iraq escalated, though the Iraqi tendencies towards acts of terrorism were well known, especially the uses of chemical weapons and nerve gas against Iranian soldiers. In 1985, the Regan administration approved the sale and eventually 70 total shipments of "biological cultures that were known precursors to bioweapons: anthrax, botulism, etc.; the cultures were `not attenuated or weakened, and were capable of reproduction.'" ("Our History with Iraq," Ithaca.edu)
By the end of the 80's Iraq's created power, through the help of the US, showed it to be the largest chemical weapons producer in the world. Both the CIA and the State Department reported that Iraq continued to develop chemical and biological weapons. Because of this, all international banks suspended all loan activity with Iraq; however the Bush administration issued National Security Directive 26, which guaranteed a $1 billion dollar loan that would create the cash needed for Iraq to create weapons of mass destruction.
On August 2, 1990, the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait began and the history of the Gulf War unfolded. The history of Iraq continues until the new century as one of turmoil, deception and violence. At the turning point Iraq holds today, its decision of a governmental system will ultimately determine its future and future successes as an internationally respected nation. With it's new government, the diverse cultures and peoples of Iraq, instead of being alienated and controlled as in the former...