Analysis Paper For “City Politics Chapter 4”

1569 words - 7 pages

The fourth chapter of City Politics by Dennis R. Judd & Todd Swanstrom covers the rise of "Reform Politics" with many local governments during the first half of the 1900s as a way to combat the entrenched political machines that took control of many large city governments in the late 1800s and early 1900s. Over the course of the chapter, Judd & Swanstrom quickly cover the history of the "reform movement" with different examples of how the reform movement affected city politics in different areas.
I commend the authors' overall work in being able to effectively present the aims of the reform movement and its progression over time. I am especially was appreciative of what seemed to be a very critical analysis of the policies that came out of the “reformers” at the time. Yet, I do have some minor issues with how they seem to skim though the topic while forgetting to discuss some others important elements of the topic. For example, I thought it was odd that although the reform movement had some major issues within its ideals of "fixing democracy", they did not seem to focus on heavily on some of the positive benefits of the movement. Therefore, with this paper, I hope to hone into what I personally thought were fascinating elements of the reading, which was how the reform Movement was instrumental in establishing strong elite governmental policies against the typical machine city politics at the time, but also in some major cases discriminated and disenfranchised individuals in lower socioeconomic classes within those newly "reformed" cities.
The reform movement is typically framed as a progressive achievement in improving corrupt governments that were commonplace in many cities during the time period covered in this chapter, but it seemed to also have a large amount of elitist elements that created a bureaucratic system that only fixed government for the middle-class and above, while the lower-class were left out of these "good government" benefits. During the first few pages of the chapter, Judd & Swanstrom quickly touch upon how during the late 18th century, there was a middle and upper class backlash on what many perceived to be a major sense of political corruption that was taking over large urban cities in the United States. The authors quote James Bryce and his belief at the time that "the government of cities is one of the conspicuous failures of the United States," which was a common belief among many people at the time. Nevertheless, another important factor leading the charge for reform politics was the backlash by many upper & middle-class Americans of the rising tide of immigrants moving in urban areas. Most reform political movements during that late 19th and early 20th century time period typically created systematic ways of limiting the power of the lower class.
One of the mild criticisms that I have with this chapter is how the authors only really hint and mention briefly at how in regards with lower-class immigrants moving into...

Find Another Essay On Analysis Paper for “City Politics Chapter 4”

The Reconquest of the City of Ottawa: An Analysis of Policy Levers for Increasing Sustainability of the City of Ottawa’s Urban Transportation System

1607 words - 6 pages system planning. Of the four control strategies, the City of Ottawa would be best equipped with a real time control strategy, that is, the integrated system would rely on constantly updated information to make priority decisions. A real time signal control model is flexible to changing conditions, hence is generally more effective (Chada & Newland, 2002, p. 4). Other options for control strategies focus on fixed time or bus schedules which are

Title: An Analysis of Secondary Sources From Hurricane Katrina, Assignment: Write an argumentative paper about a historical event that relates to politics using only SECONDARY SOURCES

962 words - 4 pages , and that the President could have never equipped for such a catastrophe. Weather experts, however, did realize the potential for such a natural disaster, and President Bush had this information at his fingertips. The article Big Blow in the Big Easy was written before Hurricane Katrina had evolved, and it discusses several smaller hurricanes in New Orleans' history, and how the city has narrowly escaped several major disasters. After the

The Brothers Karamazov chapter 4 Analysis and response

1280 words - 5 pages his time, as today's laws against child abuse have saved the lives of hundreds of thousands of children.The most important point that I took from this chapter was he role of God in everyday life. It seems as though Ivan is trying to pin the blame for society's problems on God and those who believe in him. Ivan questions the existence of God; he believes that if God does exist, he is neither fair nor just. Ivan cites an example of an abused child

OEU 4 Literary Analysis: "Looking For Alaska"

733 words - 3 pages Looking For Alaska, by John Green, is a creative literary work detailing the issues of love and loss in teenage life. The book’s unique point of view, dialogue, and themes help to make it an excellent work that is well-worth the read. While many other examples of literature include these elements, Looking For Alaska does it a little differently, and for the better. This is an excellent novel, and its unique elements only add to the story

Strategic Quality Management and Customer Satisfaction Paper Choose a company that a team member is familiar with Conduct a SWOT analysis for the company

1359 words - 5 pages impact on China during this recession is very minimal so that the buying power is still strong. There's increasing popularity for Internet access. More important, people use computer at much younger age, which broadens Microsoft's potential market. Personal handheld devices are in the trend. This opens up new market segments for Microsoft to develop, which provides opportunities to attract different customers and overpower their competitors.Threats

This paper demonstrates using a SWOT (Strenght/Opportunity/Weakness/Threat) analysis to evaluate the stock value for Sharper Image Corp. Includes graph and refrences

1306 words - 5 pages is a recession, the stock will probably continue to drop because people will be less likely to buy expensive products they don't need. However, if the economy doesn't slow, than analysts predict that it will be a good bet for a three to five year period and will produce pleasant gains within a year (Dorfman 2001). The Value Line report confirms this analysis. It reports the timeliness of the stock to be at 2, meaning it is a good time to buy

Economics For Business: Article Analysis Paper

813 words - 3 pages inflation.This tactic would be reversed if the economy was growing to slowly or was in recession. The Federal Reserve would then lower short-term rates thus increasing the availability of money. There are complex formulas which seem to solidify these monetary policies but not everyone agrees that they are effective.From my own experiences I remember being unemployed during the collapse of the dot-com bubble. I remember praying for my family that

The Reconquest of the City of Ottawa: An Analysis of Policy Levers for Increasing Sustainability of the City of Ottawa’s Urban Transportation System

1645 words - 7 pages what is currently instituted in the City of Ottawa. This new spur for action can modify Ottawa’s transportation system infrastructure alongside the ways in which citizens and the municipal government think, value, and promote transportation. Turner defines reconquest as “the reclamation of urban spaces from the dominion of the automobile” (2012, p. 222). Upon initiating reconquest, an urban municipality aims at revolutionizing city streets by

The Reconquest of the City of Ottawa: An Analysis of Policy Levers for Increasing Sustainability of the City of Ottawa’s Urban Transportation System

1714 words - 7 pages is the City of Ottawa’s daily funnel for 92,000 drivers resulting in congestion, pollution, and inefficiency (Autos.ca, 2007). The highway is currently utilized free of charge to commuters while the province funds maintenance, making commuters unaware of the true cost of driving. However, by introducing toll roads “drivers will more accurately link the causes of road costs with prices paid, while making the costs much more apparent to the user

This is an issue paper for AP Politics dealing with an issue that would change policy of the plea bargaining system

694 words - 3 pages shown that this type of policy probably will not work out the way it was meant to work. It is hard to enforce something that has such obvious loopholes. The exceptions where plea bargains may be used are not concrete situations and are open to interpretation. It was noted that in the past, the courts were not packed like the columnists believe they will be, but the reason for this is simply because the prosecutors did not follow the policies that

Case Study for Padgett Paper Products Company- analysis for the options

1843 words - 7 pages Options:-Portion of debt through insurance company-Continue at 90 day terms-Factor receivables-Collateralize assets-Mortgage general purpose building-Independent Canadian Financing-Flat dividends-Payment Terms - accelerate receipt-LIFO / FIFOEvery available option has a positive and a negative aspect to it. Here we will decipher what option gives Padgett Paper Products the best financial structure, provides the most flexibility for continued

Similar Essays

Notes For Government And Politics Chapter 1 Politics: Setting The Stage

678 words - 3 pages Chapter ONEPolitics: Setting the StageI. What do political scientists study?Study politics and analyze it.Ex. Measure just how much it actually costs a country to lose a war, devise a new system of voting in primaries that might have led to a different set of candidate for most presidential elections, study the spread of welfare reforms across the states, study why democracies almost never wage war on other democracies.II. Politics: What is it

Analysis Of “ Communication And The Transformation Of Economics” By Robert E. Babe Chapter 1 4

713 words - 3 pages printing press requires technology that makes ink and paper. “These relationships are significant because when there is a change in one of the technologies involved it may require changes in others,” (p. 170). This is an example of indirect policy. Linked systems are when individual technologies can be linked with each other. Analytical systems occur when social and technology are united for the resolves of strategy and analysis. Personal systems are

An Analysis Of Policy Levers For Increasing Sustainability Of The City Of Ottawa’s Urban Transportation System

2983 words - 12 pages and car ownership greater than the city’s population. The focus of the car as a means of transport and of social class can be greatly asserted to the notion of the “American Dream”, the notion of the white picket fenced home in peripheral suburbia where families reside with a sense of communal belonging. Urban sprawl became the North American city standard for locations of living. Urban sprawl is often described as having “a population that is

The Reconquest Of The City Of Ottawa: An Analysis Of Policy Levers For Increasing Sustainability Of The City Of Ottawa’s Urban Transportation System 1901 Words

1901 words - 8 pages through three concepts that exemplify sustainability: smart growth, reconquest, and Copenhagenization. If implemented, the policies that will stem from these concepts will set Ottawa on track to becoming less reliant on the automobile and, ultimately, more sustainable. Analysis of Concepts Smart Growth The City of Ottawa has relied on urban sprawl to pave the way for new homes, development, and urban infrastructure on the outskirts of the