1. Who are the intended audiences for King’s letter? What does King want to convince each segment of his readership? Does he urge readers toward particular actions? How does his tone show awareness of his audiences?
A: King intended his letter to be for other clergymen who sent him a letter asking his to calm down his movement for civil rights. King truly believed that the clergymen were wrong, and that his parades and protests were fully just. “Nonviolent direct action seeks to create such a crisis and foster such a tension that a community which has constantly refused to negotiate is forced to confront the issue. It seeks so to dramatize the issue that it can no longer be ignored. My citing the creation of tension as part of the work of the nonviolent resister may sound rather shocking. But I must confess that I am not afraid of the word "tension." I have earnestly opposed violent tension, but there is a type of constructive, nonviolent tension which is necessary for growth” (King 1963). While King’s tone is very matter-of-fact, he still shows his strong belief and emotion in his stance for civil rights. King uses his intelligence and intelligent grammar to maneuver around insulting anyone
2. What is King’s major claim? List at least three secondary claims, identifying the type of each one (e.g. claim of definition, fact, cause, or policy). For each claim, provide the supporting evidence: research, data, or examples used to back up that point.
A: King’s major claim was the idea that it is justified to protest against segregation and for civil rights. He argues that the protests occurring are non-violent. He mentions that they are using negotiations, sit-ins, self-purification, etc. to make their point. “In any nonviolent campaign there are four basic steps: collection of the facts to determine whether injustices exist; negotiation; self purification; and direct action. We have gone through all these steps in Birmingham” (King 1963). Secondly, King states that the...