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Analysis Of The Reconstruction Period

1192 words - 5 pages

After the ending of the Civil War in 1865, slavery was, at last, formally abolished by the Thirteenth Amendment. Due to the freedom of these African Americans and the South’s ever-growing hatred towards this group, African Americans were left to suffer harsh discrimination and horrible conditions. Africans Americans were left without homes, education, jobs, or money. Reconstruction was the Radical Republicans’ attempt to try and bring the Confederate states back to normal and unite both the South and the North into a whole country once again. Reconstruction was also set to protect and help the newly freed African Americans assimilate to the new society and the foreign economy they were placed in. Conditions of the African Americans in the South before, during, and after the reconstruction period were no doubt harsh. African Americans, before the Reconstruction Era, struggled to assimilate with the hateful society they were thrown in, if not still slaves. Although their condition improved slightly, African Americans during the reconstruction period experienced extreme terrorism, discrimination, pressure, and hatred from the south, along with the struggle of keeping alive. After the military was taken out of the South, African Americans’ condition after the Reconstruction Era relapsed back as if Reconstruction never happened.
To begin with, the conditions African Americans in the South experienced, before Reconstruction was ever conjured up, were difficult, inequitable and nearly impossible. Reconstruction began months after the thirteenth amendment was passed, so freedmen were left without the protection or guidance of the government for a short interval. Adapting to a whole new system was hard enough for African Americans without the endless hatred and discrimination of their own new society. When slavery was abolished, African Americans roamed around and were left without shelter, education, or a source of income. The main reason as to why African Americans were so uneducated was that before slavery was ever abolished, white owners did everything possible to keep African Americans ignorant and foolish. Slaves were kept illiterate and unschooled to make it all but more possible to chain them in more than one way. Being uneducated made it much more difficult to assimilate to their new position of being freemen. Being illiterate makes it that much harder to find a job and become informed. African Americans were also left without shelter or jobs. Without reconstruction or the Freedmen’s Bureau, free blacks were left clueless and in an insurmountable position. Without an education or any real-world experience, African Americans had no way out. Often times, African Americans were cornered back to their former jobs of working in fields by indentured servitude. Conditions for African Americans before the Reconstruction Era were helpless and unimaginable.
Second of all, conditions for African Americans in the South during...

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