A Review Of ‘Risk Perceptions, General Environmental Beliefs, And Willingness To Address Climate Change’

1935 words - 8 pages

A review of 'Risk perceptions, general environmental beliefs, and willingness to address climate change'.Q1: How is the paper positioned in [Environmental psychology] and the general social science literature?The research report entitled 'Risk perceptions, general environmental beliefs, and willingness to address climate change' was published by R. E O'Connor and colleagues in 1999. In this study, O'Connor et al. attempt a novel exploration of the cognitive antecedence of climate change mitigation behaviour using a simple model based on two psychological domains: attitudes and risk perception. Prior to their study, psychological research on the roles of risk perception and environmental attitudes as influences on human behaviour had developed concurrently, albeit with differing foci. Regarding the latter, environmental risk perception research had mainly focused on the nature of public perceptions of specific environmental risks and the determining influences of various personal and attitudinal characteristics. Environmental attitude research, on the other hand, was mainly concerned with conceptualising the cognitive and affective components of public psychological orientations in relation to broad non-issue-specific environmental themes. O'Connor et al. aimed to harness the combined utility of both research perspectives to obtain a fuller understanding of individuals' preferred approaches to addressing the problem of climate change in America.O'Connor et al.'s research was positioned firmly within the psychological and wider social science literature by their employment of the deep-rooted constructs of risk perception and general environmental beliefs which have conceptual origins in cognitive psychology, sociology, ethics and economics. They proposed that in the case of long-term environmental problems with a significant level of uncertainty, both general cognitive orientations and specific risk perceptions had an influence on individuals' likelihood of engagement in mitigating pro-environmental behaviours. They argued that general cognitive orientations reflected individuals' awareness and concern, while risk perception represented individuals' concern directed at specific negative outcomes.O'Connor et al.'s argument for the relationship between risk perception and general environmental attitudes was not entirely new to environmental psychologists at the time as environmental sociologists Dunlap and colleagues (Dunlap & Van Liere, 1978; Dunlap & Scarce, 1991) in their highly influential analyses of the emergence of environmentalism in North America had previously described the role of perceived human threats to the environment as a significant component of a pro-ecological worldview. However, O'Connor et al. were the first to empirically test the combined influence of environmental attitudes and perceived environmental risks to humans as a determinant of environmental behaviour.Q2: How does the paper choose, develop and use...

Find Another Essay On A review of ‘Risk perceptions, general environmental beliefs, and willingness to address climate change’

Climate Change and Religion Essay

1497 words - 6 pages effects will take the planet thousands of years to recover so its critical that action is taken now to ensure a sustainable planet for future generations. Human spirit and the voice of religion may be the key to solving the climate change problem. Climate Change an Environmental Concern Climate change is a growing environmental concern that is affecting all reaches of the planet. Rising air and ocean temperatures are causing a change in

Climate Change and Evolution Essay

1329 words - 5 pages Climate Change and Evolution The ecological consequences of global climate change are expected to be drastic although not much is known as to how individual species will react to these changes. Irrespective of the causes of climate change, whether anthropogenic or natural, it is imperative that we address these concerns, as they will have widespread impacts on the human species, both directly and indirectly through forcings on other

Climate Change and Canada

944 words - 4 pages ' economic well-being. We cannot afford to ignore climate change any longer. Like the environmental author Jeff Goodell said, "One of the big questions in the climate change debate: Are humans any smarter than frogs in a pot? If you put a frog in a pot and slowly turn up the heat, it won't jump out. Instead, it will enjoy the nice warm bath until it is cooked to death. We humans seem to be doing pretty much the same thing."

Effects of climate change

1816 words - 7 pages longer remote and 'exaggerated' threats which they sounded to be a couple of decades back. What is depicted by 'The Day After Tomorrow' is much closer to reality than fiction because humanity is already experiencing the retaliation of Mother Nature. The impact of climatic mutations and global warming is being profoundly felt in multifarious ways.It would obviously be sheer short-sightedness to confine the issue of climate change within ecological or

Effects of Climate Change

1469 words - 6 pages cities will be wiped off the map. While Wisconsin will not become flooded as a direct result of this catastrophe, one should not be naive to think that Wisconsinites, along with everyone else in the world, will not be directly affected by this global melting. In fact, Wisconsin’s outlook may be just as grim when looking at the dynamic changes in population, one of the prime repercussions of global climate change. 11.7 million immigrants are

Health Risk and Environmental Impact of Today’s Food

1232 words - 5 pages Health Risk and Environmental Impact of Today's FoodIn today's food industry, a great deal of the produce in grocery stores is Genetically Modified (GM). Many people are unaware of the purpose, the environmental risk, and health risks that go along with production of GM foods products. GM food products started with good intentions to stop hunger across the globe, but the environmental risk and health risk outweighs the good that comes with the

Compare and Contrast: Willingness to Take Risks.

792 words - 3 pages What is considered a risk? Everyday some think risk is jumping out of an airplane while another may be simply take a leap of faith and ask another on a date.For me, the level of willingness just to approach a stranger and say, "Hello," is slim to non-existent. My palms sweat, and I become flustered before I even make the attempt. Worries of what I'm going to say, what I should do, cloud my brain. Even worse, the possibilities of how the other

A Review of Polities, Authority, Identities, and Change

1560 words - 6 pages Polities, Authority, Identities and Change yielded after more than 20 years of productive cooperation of Yale H. Ferguson and Richard W. Mansbach. Several years before publishing Policies, in their previous book The Elusive Quest: Theory and International Politics, Ferguson and Mansbach exposed the need for displaying an alternative approach to perceiving and interpreting relations among different polities, which served as a foundation for this

Climate Change: A Greenland Perspective

1327 words - 5 pages According to a BBC news report by Jonathon Amos, in 2003, Greenland was significantly cooler than it was forty years ago, predominately in south-western coastal Greenland.27 Scientists identify regional climate change over a long period of time, which is consistent with the meteorological data collected, in Greenland, which shows a temperature drop of 1.29 C since 1985.28 In a journal review at the Center for the Study of Carbon Dioxide and Global


1564 words - 7 pages Approaches: A Superior Alternative for Environmental Valuation?” Journal of Economic Surveys 15 (3). Hodge, I., and J. Dunn.1992. “Rural Change and Sustainability a Review of research” Economic and Social Research Council Luzar, E.J. and K.J. Cosse. 1998. “Willingness to Pay or Intention to Pay: The Attitude-Behavior Relationship in Contingent Valuation” Journal of Socio-Economics 27 (3): 427-444 Loomis, J., P. Kent, L.Strange, K. Faush, and A

International Organizations and Climate Change

2175 words - 9 pages important role in influencing public opinion as well as directly conserving at risk land and species in addition to fighting projects that could have disastrous environmental impact. These individuals play a major role in providing funding for environmental groups due a general lack of available government subsidies for the issue relative to subsidies provided for many other issues. (Kimble Pg. 2) These philanthropists come from varying sectors

Similar Essays

Assess The Extent To Which Strategic Environmental Assessment (Sea) Can Contribute Towards Mitigation And Adaptation To Climate Change Futures

1827 words - 7 pages Agendas in Planning. Progress in Planning, 71(4), pp.153–205. Bondeau, A. et al. (2013). Turn Down the Heat : Climate Extremes, Regional Impacts and the Case for Resilience. Washington DC: The World Bank. Burdge, R.J. (2008). The Focus of Impact Assessment (and IAIA) Must Now Shift to Global Climate Change!! Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 28(8), pp.618–622. Byer, P. et al. (2012). Climate Change in Impact Assessment: International Best

Battling Climate Change: Unfc International Environmental Treaty Analysis

2218 words - 9 pages risen by one degree f. This might not seem like a lot but, one degree can mean a horde of problems. Having the temperature change even that little amount can lead to problems around the world dealing with health, wildlife, our ecosystems and resources are all at risk. The Scientist at the IPCC have pointed this out using computer models that these incremental problems can add up. After the ICPP third assessment review they have pointed out ocean and

Contribution Of Deforestation And Degradation To Climate Change

703 words - 3 pages goods and services (FAO, 2003). Climate change: It refers to a statistically significant variation in either the mean state of the climate or in its variability, persisting for an extended period (typically decades or longer). Climate change may be due to natural internal processes or external forcings, or to persistent anthropogenic changes in the composition of the atmosphere or in land use (IPCC, 2001). Effects of deforestation and degradation

Introduction To Climate Change Essay

1375 words - 6 pages cooling and warming. Of those four billion earth years, the only period of sustained warming in which human activity could cause any effect was from 1983-2001 as projected by peer-review studies (Lindzen, Douglas, and Knox 2004-2009). Elaborating on such evidence, climate sensitivity to carbon dioxide lies between a quarter to a seventh of what organisations such as UN and Greenpeace claim. In the projected period, the change in temperature was caused