Analytical Memo: “How Urbanization Is Transforming Our Understanding Of Security”

767 words - 4 pages

“How Urbanization Is Transforming Our Understanding of Security” by Robert E. Williams, Jr. and Stephen E. Williams is a paper that looks how the rise of urbanization and the influence of cities are reimagining the way we view the idea of “security”. While reading this paper, I was extremely impressed by the authors’ ability to thoroughly describe how the history of urbanization has radically changed basic warfare strategy and thoughts on security since World War I. However, some critiques that I have with this paper includes its heavy focus on historical background and the lack of space it gives to its own thesis in context with modern times, and I have some issues with its explanation of how on urbanization “changed the way wars are fought over the past century”.
Starting with my praise for this article, I thought that Williams and Williams were able to effectively guide the reader through the modern history of “Cities and Security” starting from World War I, with some pre-World War I references beforehand, to today. Their writing style, while academic in nature, was very strong in clearly showcasing their argument how warfare strategy and ideas of security have slowly adapted to the rise of urbanization inside of nation-states. For example, I enjoyed a particular paragraph on the thirteenth page of the paper, where the authors mention how “following World War I, some strategists found in the limited record of aerial bombardment a reason to believe that attacks on cities might be preferable to the tremendous death and destruction—as well as the stalemate—of trench warfare.” I appreciate the thoroughness of the research that Williams and Williams did on their topic, it shows in the pieces of evidence that they present over the course of their paper, helps strengthen the exploration of the research topic.
However, there are some critiques that I believe also have to be taken into account as well. First, while I understand that academic papers are typically lengthy in their content, there were multiple points where I felt that the paper could have been more concise by focusing more on urbanization was changing our “understanding of security” instead of just retelling history of modern warfare. An example of this unnecessary diatribe...

Find Another Essay On Analytical Memo: “How Urbanization Is Transforming Our Understanding of Security”

Explain what is meant by the term 'social construction' and consider how it has been used to further our understanding of the concept of identity

1162 words - 5 pages furthered our understanding of identity in comparison to other theories such as psychosocial and social identity theory.Social construction is used to describe how we as humans understand how the world is constructed in and through social relations; there are many different ways of understanding the same issue, rather than there being an objective reality. Our behaviour is regulated by guidelines, which make everyday life predictable and understandable

Our Security Umbrella: Department of Homeland Security

2085 words - 9 pages primarily works with our airports even though they are also charged to security the railways and subways with in the country. The TSA has become more visible in their security of mass-transit locations over the last couple of years as they slowly make the move to subway systems, which has started in New York, with the use of their VIPER teams. Working with the Customs and Border Protection is the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS

How Women are Transforming the Practice of Leadership

762 words - 4 pages Enlightened Power: How Women are Transforming the Practice of Leadership By Helen Fisher An Author Critique Harbinder Khangura LDRS 301A Lifelong Learning Sarah Bobell TWU The Natural Leadership Talents of Women Background The foreground of leadership is an individual’s enhanced capacity to direct others into a path that they are supposed to tread upon. However, such power is not immediately incurred by a person. The idea of developing

How does syntactic and semantic knowledge contribute to our understanding of a piece of text

2426 words - 10 pages How does syntactic and semantic knowledge contribute to our understanding of a piece of textThe Little Oxford dictionary (1986) defines syntactic knowledge as "the grammatical arrangement of words/rules or analysis of this", while semantic knowledge is described as knowledge "of the meaning in language."But what is comprehension? Anderson claims "comprehension involves a perceptual stage, followed by a parsing stage, followed by a utilisation

How does our understanding of the life course differ from that of earlier historical periods?

1524 words - 6 pages ). Naturally therefore the stage of social belonging that we currently identify with is subject to change as we progress through our life course. However, these stages are also structured by classes such as ethnicity and gender which are fixed and do not change. This essay will look at how our understanding of the life course has changed over time and now differs in comparison to that of earlier historical periods.According to Berger and Luckman, "All

How has the discovery of Iceman contributed to our understanding of Neolithic Italy/Austria?

2225 words - 9 pages into how Iceman died and ideas of Iceman's social standing in his village. But no scenario answers all the questions raised by the evidence. If someone shot and killed him, why did the assailant leave a valuable axe with the body? If Iceman had a disabling cut in his right hand, why was he clutching his dagger in it? Many of these answers may rely on evidence that may never be found. For example, we don't know how the backpack was worn, over the head or over the shoulder, and the quiver has no strap to indicate how it was carried. Nevertheless, the study of the artefacts that did survive the extraction have changed our understanding of the Neolithic world.

The Acient city of Athens Greece. This report is about how the city of Athens originated, how urbanization took place and monuments that arose

1642 words - 7 pages major social split in society. The higher class society live comfortably in bigger homes while the lower class had to live in the smaller, tightly packed residential areas.Currently Athens is more densely populated then in the past. Only some of the major landmarks remain however they are deteriorating even though the Greeks try to preserve them as much a costs allow. Just looking at Greece it is hard not to spot the Acropolis, which still stands proudly on the hilltop. The buildings have become of the Greek culture and should remain there for generations to come reminding us of what urbanization was like before our time.

Explain how the neoclassical growth model can be extended to enhance our understanding of economic growth

1858 words - 8 pages Explain how the neoclassical growth model can be extended to enhance our understanding of economic growth. INTRODUCTION AIM AND OBJECTIVE The aim of this essay is to clarify how the neoclassical growth model can be used to explain economic growth by taking into account two new inputs: Natural Resources (R) and Land (T) by substantiating it with relevant research. THE NEOCLASSICAL GROWTH MODEL According to the Neoclassical Solow Model

How Effective is Modern Security?

1029 words - 5 pages 2) Circumvented or unused available security obtains the same results as no security at all.. What if there aren't enough guards put in place? What if there is only one guard for a huge event? How is he going to take on a multitude of perpetrators or going to protect every single person at the event? Well according to past events they obviously can't. "...They say that the club failed to provide security to patrons on Dec. 8, 2004...Columbus

To what extent has DNA technology helped our understanding of human colonisation and the spread of agriculture in Europe over the past 10 000 years? How is this supported by language evidence?

1741 words - 7 pages Although the focus of this essay is to discuss how DNA technology helped our understanding of human colonisation and the spread of agriculture in Europe over the past 10 000 years, it will first look at the recent African origin theory as it is relevant to show how modern humans arrived in Europe in the first place. As later discussed it will also have a bearing on the development of agriculture.The two main hypotheses agree that Homo erectus

How Big Is Our Planet?

1743 words - 7 pages proven to be deadly. The island only had so much capacity, many resources and only so much space. The question is: “How big is our island?”(McMillen). (Rozell)(McMillen) One of the major threats facing our planet is that of overpopulation. With the total number of people on this planet just breeching 7 million this month, the problem is now more apparent than ever. Overpopulation is most prevalent in Africa where, according to the New York

Similar Essays

Why/How Is ‘Power’ Central To Our Understanding Of Deviance?’

410 words - 2 pages ethnic minority is more likely to be defined as criminal (Wolfgramm, 2000).That power is central to our understanding of deviance can be witnessed in society everyday. The recent issue concerning AFL team president Joseph Gutnick threatening to resign should a Jewish player play on a Sunday "“ going against Orthodox Jew Gutnick's beliefs "“ is an example of the way power can shape what is considered deviant behaviour. Had an Orthodox Jew of lesser status complained it is unlikely that this small occurrence would have escalated into what is now a public issue.

How Urbanization Is Defining The New Generation

830 words - 4 pages Urbanization is one of the defining words of the new generation. Since 2008, more than half of the world population resided in cities and towns. By 2030, that figure is set to grow to 5 billion, about two- thirds of the population. Currently over one billion children live in an urban environment worldwide. Urban environments are unique, often said to “attract and generate wealth, jobs and investment, and therefore are associated with

Is Our Security At Risk? Essay

1406 words - 6 pages , because it is keeping the people safe from danger. “Those security officers there are there to work with you, to ensure that everybody on that flight has been properly screened,” he said. “Everybody wants that assurance, so just try to be patient, work with our folks. They are there to protect you and your loved ones, and let’s make it a partnership” ("Speak Outs - When Does Airport Security Become a Violation of Privacy?" Annenberg Classroom. N.p

How Crowdsourcing Is Transforming The Way Businesses Operate

2251 words - 9 pages their operations. In fact, the only thing that appears to be constraining Crowdsourcing is the speed at which the technology it utilizes advances. The purpose of this essay is to examine how the emergence of Crowdsourcing is changing the way business operate. This current event will be examined from its conception through its inception into public organizational settings. Within this context, this paper will examine how this technological