This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Analyze Lyotard's Reworking Of The Kantian Sublime.

2559 words - 10 pages

According to Kant in The Critique of Judgement (1790) 'the sublime moves, whilst the beautiful charms.' Kant's theory of the sublime relates strongly to that of the sublime in nature, however Kant doesn't see that it is the object in nature, which is purely sublime, but rather our minds superiority to reason over the 'unpresentable' in nature. Lyotard whilst developing and reworking this Kantian model, stipulates rather that the sublime is not that of the object or of the ability to reason, but rather that of what he calls the 'differend.' this is the straining in all aspects of our minds ability to grasp the unpresentable. Kant states that there are two stages to the sublime experience, firstly the sense of displeasure as we struggle to make sense or comprehend the experience; and the second stage is a sense of pleasure as our minds ability to reason insights a sense of superiority over nature. Lyotard seeks to exemplify rather that there is no second stage, and that the sublime occurs in the inability to reason. Through the redevelopment of Kant's notion of the sublime, Lyotard seeks to redefine its usefulness in the existence of the modern and in particular the postmodern. It is within this movement, that the sublime can occur; as it seeks to break down the traditional aesthetic of art, by presenting the unpresentable- in a society that is seemingly blinded by meta-narratives.According to Kant's Critique of Judgement, the sublime is that which is beyond our cognitive powers of perception, arising through an excess of sensory information (Kul-Want & Klimowski: 2005: 138). Kant relates this feeling of the sublime most heavily to that of the sublime in nature; the moment of looking, at for example, a craggy mountain or a ferocious storm, and not being able to take it all in; thus creating a sense of 'overwhelmingness' and awe from its sheer magnitude (Burnham: 2000: 88-89). Kant states that there are two stages to the sublime experience, and two ways in which the sublime can be experienced- the mathematical sublime, and the dynamic sublime. The mathematical sublime is linked to feelings of bewilderment. We experience a conflict between our minds ability for reason-that tells us all objects are fixed; and with our imagination- the aspect of our mind conveying what we see and how we see it. The Dynamic sublime in comparison is categorized by the overwhelmingness of the experience, creating a sense of hopeless inferiority, due to nature's pure force and magnitude (Burnham: 2000: 96-97). So whilst the mathematical sublime outrages our imagination, the dynamic sublime outrages our will, as we know that it is beyond our limit of cognition, and therefore out of our control. For Kant the first stage is this inability to grasp the enormity of the sublime event in nature, thus demonstrating a failure of our minds sensibility and imagination, which causes us to feel displeasure. The second stage redeems the first, as Kant points out that the first is...

Find Another Essay On Analyze Lyotard's reworking of the Kantian Sublime.

Discuss the concept of the 'sublime' advanced by 'Longinus' in "On the Sublime." How may we recognize it? What are its five sources? (Brief 'Works Cited' page included)

2054 words - 8 pages Upon reading Plato?s stance against poetry, it is refreshing to say the least to take into consideration Longinus?s praise of the art. In ?On the Sublime,? this author with the unknown identity lauds the art of sublimity, stating that it is an ?eminence and excellence in language; and that from this, and this alone, the greatest poets and writers of prose have attained the first place and have clothed their fame with immortality.? Longinus

Critically analyse the treatment of the sexually sublime in 'Zofloya' and 'The Monk'

1621 words - 6 pages In Gothic novels sublime sexuality is an out of control element that drives the affected characters to destruction. This is especially true of Lewis's The Monk and Dacre's Zofloya. Both novels stress fearless sexuality and expressions beyond the limitations of everyday life. Dacre's protagonist is a mother hating triple murderess who dreams of sexual congress with a demon of colour. Whilst Lewis's monk is a corrupt, murdering, sexual predator

Some Notes Concerning Affections and the Sublime in the Work of Jonathan Edward

4646 words - 19 pages Some Notes Concerning Affections and the Sublime in the Work of Jonathan Edward Jonathan Edwards’s attention to the separation of the body from the soul combined with his efforts to account for the spirit of revivalism during the “Great Awakening” implicates the sublime as both a rhetorical tool and psychological experience that, in either case, foregrounds the relationship between an individual’s perception of the self and his or her

Analyze the rationale and purpose of the exclusionary rule

868 words - 3 pages Analyze the rationale and purpose of the exclusionary rule The exclusionary rule is not in the Constitution because it was made by the court due to the need that presented itself. The intension was to ensure that the 4th Amendment is kept and not violated. Most people are aware of their right to privacy, and how it protects them from unwarranted searches. Nevertheless, most them do not comprehend how the Exclusionary Rule which ensures this

Analyze the role of the go-between in 'La Celestina'

527 words - 2 pages - -Question 1. Analyze the role of the go-between in 'La Celestina'.'La Tragic comedia de Calisto y Melibea' or 'La Celestina' is a masterpiece of Spanish literature. Written in 1499, and translated in English in 1631. The time period that this play took place in is important, in understanding the role of the go-between. The plot involves two lovers, Calisto and Melibea, who are brought together by the Celestina (the 'Celestial One'), an old

the analyze of prologue in cantebury tales - ucla - essay

1218 words - 5 pages which you analyze one of these descriptions, and what the attention to things tells us about the poem’s understanding of people. 3. Analyze Wealhtheow (whose name seems to mean “foreign captive”) in Beowulf, What is her function in the Danish community? As Hrothgar’s queen, how does she exercise power? How does she fit thematically into the poem? How does she compare to other female characters in the poem? 4. Choose a character from Chaucer's

Using The Mythology of Love to Analyze Amy Foster

1027 words - 4 pages Using The Mythology of Love to Analyze Amy Foster   In Amy Foster, Joseph Conrad has written a great story that shows the different types of love felt between Amy and Yanko as described by Joseph Campbell in his essay on The Mythology of Love. The relationship of Yanko and Amy is dynamic and changes as the story progresses. At first, Amy feels compassion for Yanko; she does not see the differences between him and the English

The Use of Polls to Analyze Public Opinion in Politics

1583 words - 6 pages The Use of Polls to Analyze Public Opinion in Politics Public opinion is defined in the text as “the distribution of the population’s beliefs about politics and policy issues” (Edwards, Wattenberg, and Lineberry 150). On paper, it sounds so simple; in reality it is much more difficult to determine. The most common method for ascertaining and consolidating public opinion has been through the widespread use of polls. Their popularity has

The most effective way to understand contemporary culture is to analyze the trends of its youth

531 words - 2 pages culture wave, that can grasp at the subtle hint and create fashion for the public. Thus, the most effective and efficient way to have a understanding of contemporary culture is to analyze the trends of its youth.Compared with those burdened with kinds of bonds, works and responsibilities, the youth are sharp and aggressive, never afraid of making mistakes. They tend to judge things in their own special point of views and personal tastes rather than

Identify the Forces that have promoted Globalisation and analyze the outcomes of these forces

1019 words - 4 pages Identify the Forces that have promoted Globalisation and analyze the outcomes of these forces.Globalisation refers to the increasing economic integration between countries leading to the emergence of the global market place and the creating of an ever-spreading web of global production networks. There exist several forces that promote globalisation and are generally supported by most governments around the world and through this there are

Critically analyze the role of senior managers as barriers to organizational change and explore how this can be addressed

2948 words - 12 pages Critically analyze the role of senior managers as barriers to organizational change and explore how this can be addressed.The purpose of this essay is to critically address the role of senior managers as barriers to organizational change and explore how this can be deal with. In the first part of the essay the organizational change, organizational behavior and organizational culture will be defined and then the responsibilities of senior

Similar Essays

Depictions Of The Literary Sublime Essay

1148 words - 5 pages The representation of sublimity in William Wordsworth’s “I wandered lonely as a cloud,” Percy Shelley’s “To a Sky-Lark,” and Gerald Hopkins “As Kingfishers Catch Fire” is characterized by the beauty and forms of nature, the power of nature, and the use of metaphors in descriptive passages. They use the sublime to express the grandeur of nature and to describe specific objects of nature. The writers also employ the sublime as a way to

Kantian Ethics: The Importance Of One's Duty

1634 words - 7 pages Kantian definitions of “duty” and “moral actions,” I can further discuss Kant’s view in ethics more specifically. Kant expresses ethics differently than utilitarianism, as he displaces the importance of emotions in decision-making; however, he does mention the presence of emotions and feelings without disregarding their existence. Kant stresses the importance of reason and rationality, because human beings are the only beings on earth that have

The Eve Of St. Agnes: A Reworking Of The Spenserian Sonnet

1278 words - 5 pages “The Eve of St. Agnes”: A Reworking of the Spenserian Sonnet As the values of the 18th century shifted from formal perfection to experimentation, so did the poetry. The writings of the 19th century romantic poets explored new forms and variations of the sonnet; they moved away from the heroic couplet, which was dominant during the preceding century by writers like Pope. John Keats utilized this romantic method habitually throughout his works

Burke’s Sublime In O’dell’s Island Of The Blue Dolphins

1512 words - 7 pages the power of the Ocean. The Ocean is depicted throughout the novel as something enormous and powerful. The way the Ocean is seen demonstrates an example of the Burkeian Sublime. According to Burke, the Sublime is an experience that comes from authority and power. A common example for the Burkeian Sublime is looking at the power of mountains. Mountains are Sublime because they’re large in size, and have the power to kill people. Therefore, through