Adoption is a complex and misunderstood topic for many. It is viewed by many as a positive system which helps maintain the wellbeing of all children. While the overall goal is the provide happy and wholesome homes for children in need, adoption can also be viewed as something that creates a number of psychological and at times physical disorders in the children that the system attempts to aid. Regardless of some people’s beliefs on adoption, every adoption story is different. There is no one universal adoption story, and every adoptee will handle and comprehend adoption in their own ways. Within the adoption community, it is a well known fact that some adoptees tend to endure adoption issues at some point in their life, but the types of adoption issues are influenced by each specific adoption experience that adoptees go through.
When I was five months old, I was adopted from China. I have grown up knowing I was adopted, and have always accepted it as a part of my life, and as a part of who I am. While personally I have never directly struggled with adoption issues, there are many families and adoptees that have faced some adopted-related issue growing up. While I am fortunate to have had a successful adoption experience, I chose to examine some of the less fortunate instances of adoption, and some of the psychological issues that may come out of adoption.
A Brief Explanation of the Types of Adoptions
There are countless possible adoption scenarios and stories. Some that I will be mentioning include international, domestic, open, confidential, orphanage care and foster (state) systems. Each type of adoption impacts the amount of potential psychological issues. Not all adoption scenarios will trigger the same issues later on, and the extent of the issues vary.
Confidential adoptions are adoptions in which the birth mother’s identity is not revealed to the parents, or to the child. In Dean Byrd’s article journal, “The Case For Confidential Adoption”, he explains that “confidential adoptions provide opportunities for adoptive parents to nurture children as their own and in turn allow those children to internalize a single set of parental values” (Byrd, 22). This limits the amount of potential adoption issues later on, such as attachment or
The counter of a confidential adoption is an open adoption, in which the birth mother plays an active part in the adoptive families life, and keeps contact their their biological child. This can cause problems later, as it confuses the adoptee about who to recognize as the parental unit. Understanding the difference between the person who gave birth as a parent, and adopted parents is one of the hardest parts of adoption the adoptees deal with. With open adoptions, this can be a prolonged difficulty as the birth mother remains in the child’s life, and she may develop her own set of attachment issues to the child. Open adoptions can be harder on adopted parents as well as...