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Analyzing The Unification Of Italy And Germany

1932 words - 8 pages

The Congress of Vienna was a meeting of ambassadors from various states and territories across Europe that began in September 1814 and lasted through June 1815. It was the first meeting in history where national representatives came together to create treaties instead of relying on letters between different nations. The primary objective of the meeting was to resolve land disputes that arose from the French Revolutionary wars, Napoleonic wars and the ending of the Holy Roman Empire. Ultimately, the meeting was used in an attempt to settle the future boundaries of the continent. There were five major powers represented in the Congress of Vienna including some of the smaller states of Europe. Another goal of the Congress of Vienna was to divide land among the states in order to promote peace between countries and the Congress of Vienna later became a guideline for future organizations like the United Nations. The Congress of Vienna created boundaries between France, Netherlands, Saxony of Germany, several Italian states, as well as other states and it established many spheres of influence. These boundaries were established to prevent further violent outbreaks, and to keep a balance of power between these states and territories. The rest of Europe did not want another rise of a single empire, like the one of Napoleon and France. The Congress of Vienna played a huge role in the unification of Italy and Germany because it divided territories promoting the idea of nationalism.The rise and subsequent fall of Napoleon, was a major factor in the need for the Congress of Vienna. "When Napoleon abdicated his thrown and accepted his enemies' offer of exile to the Mediterranean island of Elba, thus bringing to an end to more than twenty years of nearly constant warfare between France and its European rivals, the political upheaval and devastation that had begun in 1792 had left no part of Europe untouched". (Davenport 8) "At one time or another, from Spain to the Netherlands to Italy, war ravaged the continent". (Davenport 9) It was this devastation and chaos that the Congress of Vienna tried to cure."The Congress of Vienna has been called the 'dancing congress,' because dancing is just what its participants did from the day it began in the early fall of 1814 to its end in the early summer of 1815."(Lengyel ix) It became clear that the Congress of Vienna "was a meeting to impose, not negotiate, a settlement that would restore political structures and arrangements that had existed before the French experiment with Republicanism that ultimately led to the rise of Napoleon." (BOOK add correct site - Congress of Vienna p. 9) The Congress of Vienna divided lands within Europe in an attempt to promote a balance of power. The leaders from each country or territory that attended this meeting, wanted to achieve a balance of power, so no country could become too powerful and dominate the others, as France had done under the reign of Napoleon. One of the primary ways in...

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