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Anatomical Discoveries During The Renaissance Period

1093 words - 4 pages

More medical discoveries and advances are occurring every day. Medical treatments and understanding of the human anatomy have come a long way. Though if it weren’t for certain Anatomists, we may have not have had the right comprehension of the human body which could have led to errors in surgery and more deaths while treating patients. The Renaissance period was a time where Anatomists searched for clearer understanding of the human body. During the Renaissance period, Anatomists questioning and experimentation led to great discoveries of the human body.
Wrong theories of the anatomy have been assumed to be correct for thousands of years. Theories of using a scientific base were not used by the Europeans until the Renaissance period (“Medicine”). These theories, made by a Greek Physician named Galen, were supported by the Catholic Church. The Middle Ages were a difficult time to achieve medical advances because Galen’s theories were not to be questioned or tested(“The Impact of the Renaissance on Medicine”).Even after these theories appeared to be inaccurate, the support from such a high authority made it extremely difficult to change the medical practices and training(“Rennaissance medicine”).
The knowledge of medicine grew drastically during the Renaissance period (Siralisi 189). Research conducted during the Renaissance period by Andreas Vesalius, Matteo Realdo Colombo, Geronimo Fabrious, Ambroise Pare, and William Harvey has given us a better understanding of the human anatomy ("Renaissance medicine"). Once the Renaissance period hit, anatomists were able to work through the scientific method and find the flaws in Galen’s theories(“The Impact of the Renaissance on Medicine”).
A vital advance made during the Renaissance period was the use of human cadavers for anatomy classes(Siralisi 189). The Catholic Church held a dissection ban based on their religion. Though the Catholic Church loosened the ban a bit, the dissections of apes were only available to use in Galen’s work. This resulted in many errors of the human anatomy. Proper dissections were going to be vital to gain anatomical knowledge(“The Impact of the Renaissance on Medicine”). Vesalius, after becoming a professor of surgery, objected this ban by holding cadaver labs to his students to prove his own human anatomy theories. Vesalius's theories were proven right based on these dissection labs ("Renaissance medicine”). New methods created by Vesalius led to a huge victory in medical history. After his hundreds dissections, his book The Fabric of the Human Body showed an accurate human anatomy and proved Galen’s anatomy theories were consistently incorrect (“The Impact of the Renaissance on Medicine”). His ways of teaching to discover new theories and to show students how the human body works were later accepted ("Renaissance medicine”). The works of Vesalius was very influential. It sparked the interest to have a better concept of the human anatomy and to create the goal of...

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