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Anatomical Discoveries During The Renaissance Period

967 words - 4 pages

More medical discoveries and advances are occurring every day. Medical treatments and understanding of the human anatomy have come a long way. Though if it weren’t for certain Anatomists, we may have not have had the right comprehension of the human body which could have led to errors in surgery and more deaths while treating patients. The Renaissance period was a time where Anatomists searched for clearer understanding of the human body. During the Renaissance period, Anatomists questioning and experimentation led to great discoveries of the human body.
Wrong theories of the anatomy have been assumed to be correct for thousands of years. Theories of using a scientific base were not used ...view middle of the document...

This resulted in many errors of the human anatomy. Proper dissections were going to be vital to gain anatomical knowledge(“The Impact of the Renaissance on Medicine”). Vesalius, after becoming a professor of surgery, objected this ban by holding cadaver labs to his students to prove his own human anatomy theories. Vesalius's theories were proven right based on these dissection labs and his ways of teaching to discover new theories and to show students how the human body works were later accepted ("Renaissance medicine”). The work of Vesalius’s was very influential. It sparked the interest to have a better concept of the human anatomy and to create the goal of discovering an accurate human anatomy(Siralisi 191).
Though Galen did discover the two different bloods, Venous and Arterial, this led him to wrongly believe there were two different bloodflow pathways, and that blood did not circulate but was rather used up. He also believed that the heart did not pump out blood to the arteries. Errors were found in Galen’s theory of the cardiovascular system, including how air would get into the heart, and how venous blood and air would change into arterial blood once reaching to the left ventricle of the heart. People who believed in Galen’s theories tried to explain how the pulmonary vein would have air go down into the heart and also have a by product called ‘sooty vapours’ brought up into the lungs. Though there was a massive lack of evidence, the Galen theory still stood as the ‘correct theory’ (“About William Harvery”).
Galen’s model was proven wrong by Renaissance anatomists. Despite Galen’s model being used for so many years, Vesalius proved the vena cava could not have come from the liver. Realdo Columbo’s experimentation also gathered information about the heart. It was revealed that the systole phase of the heart is active as it constricts and pumped blood into the arteries while the dystole phase is the inactive phase of...

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