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Ancient Art And Architecture Essay

2179 words - 9 pages

Temple architecture : There are two kinds of temple architecture, cult temples, and funerary or mortuary temples. They accomedated the images of dieties, the recipients of the daily cult ; the latter was the shrines for the funerary of the dead kings.Cult temples : It is generally thought that the Egyptian temple of the Dynastic Period owed most to the cult of the sun god Re at Heliopolis. The temple of Re was probably open to plan and lacked a shrine. Sun temples were unique among cult temples ; worship was centered on a cult object, the benbenwhich was a squat obelisk place in full sunlight. A reception pavilion at the desert edge was connected by a covered corridor on a causeway to the open court of the temple hight on the desert, within that stood the benben of limestone and a huge alabaster alter.Temple at Luxor : The most satifying and certainly the most beautiful is the Luxor Temple started by Amenhotep III of the 18th dynasty the origional design consists of an imposing open court w/ columnades of graceful lotus columes, a smaller offering hall, a shrine for the cerimonial boat of the god, an inner sanctuary for the cult image, and a room in which the devine birth of the king was celebrated. The approach to the temple was made by a columnadeof huge columes with open papyrus-flower capitals, planned by Amenhotep III but decorated with fascinating processional reliefs under Tutankhamen and horemheb.in addition there were storage chambers for the temple equipment, and sometimes a crypt. Outside the temples were lakes or at least wells for the water needed in rituals.Temple of Abu Simbel : The most remarkable monument of Ramsey II, the great builder, is undoubtedly the Temple of Abu Simbel. Although activated from the living rock, it follows generally the plan of the usual Egyptian temple : colossal seated statues emerging from the facad, which is the cliff face ; a pillared hall followed by a second leading to the vestibule ;and a shrine with four statues of divinities, including one of Ramses himself. Mention should also be made of the immense temple deticated to the god Amon-Re at Tanis in the delta by the kings of the 21st and 22nd dynasties. Much of thestone for the so-called northern Karnak,along with colossal statues and a dozen obelisks, was appropriated from other sanctuaries in Egypt, making this a remarkable assemblage of earlier work. It was not only a cult temple but the funerary temple for the kings who were buried within the precinct. Most of the funerary temples were built along the deserts edge in western Thebes.Scribal Statues : Among addittions in the sculpture world of the Old Kingdom was the scribal statue. There are examples in the louvre and in the Egyptian Museum express brilliantly the alert vitality of the bureaucrat, squatting on the ground with brush poised over papyrus. The heads of such figures posses stricking individuality, even if they are not true...

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