Ancient Chinese Civilization Essay

899 words - 4 pages

A significant part of the ancient Chinese civilization was that it shared a common background that is longer than any other ethnic group on Earth. China mostly isolated and unknown to the outside world, was quietly progressing at a rate greater than or equal to other notable civilizations of the prehistoric world. China was composed of several dynasties. The dynastic cycle played a definitive role in the successions of Chinese empires. Each era’s achievements and failures influenced the next. The combined contributions from all the regimes, not only led to the success and progress of China, but defined it as well. Technological discoveries, inventions, creations and its ability to adapt all participate in its maturity. The evolution of ancient Chinese dynasties provided the cultural, economical and governmental structure that developed and shaped their country into one of the marvels of ancient times.
The governmental structure of the Chinese dynasties evolved with each changing regime. Even the title of king, as was called in the beginning, changed to emperor because it was not grand enough. Each dynasty had the king or emperor as the head of its government. They had supreme power over the economy, government, military, and religious beliefs of the country. The empires used a centralized bureaucracy that had overall control over the country. They learned vast amount from this form of government, each reign modified its structure accordingly, ranging from very strict to almost a hands-off approach. It was not replaced with any other form government; it simply evolved into what was suitable for each period. As the country expanded and became too vast for one man to rule, a feudal system was created, similar to the ones in ancient Europe. The aristocrats and bureaucrats, appointed by loyalty, hereditary right, or selected through civil service exams, oversaw and enforced the Emperor’s rule on the territories they were assigned. Typical of the dynastic cycle was the eventual disintegration of the empires caused by power struggles and lack of direct leadership. These territorial lords, independent and powerful, with just as much control as the emperor, defied the very embrace that had placed them in this position and separated himself from the emperor. This severance often led the next dynasty.
Each Dynasty had its own age of economic prosperity, as it went through the Bronze, Iron and Golden ages. The evolutional strides made by China during these periods were phenomenal. As each territory developed so did their economy. New technology, inventions and modernization of old methods led to advancement in the Chinese civilization that was pushing them into forefront and connected them with the rest of the world. Their early civilizations were based on agriculture and the main source income came from the harvesting of crops. Soon, fishing the industry evolved and then the...

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