Ancient Chinese Civilization, East Asia, And Spread Of Buddhism

2224 words - 9 pages

Today I will be discussing china’s classical age to 256 B.C.E, East Asia and the spread of Buddhism from 256 B.C.E. to 800 C.E., and continue East Asia ‘s history to 1400. China’s classical age consists of its emerging civilization, the early Zhou dynasty, the warring states period, Confucius and the several different schools of thought. From the period of 256 B.C.E and 800 C.E. China was expanded and Buddhism began to spread rapidly. It was also during this period that China shaped much of eastern Asian culture. During Eastern Asia’s period of 800 CA to 1400 CA was marked by the medieval Chinese economic revolution, Japans Heian period, Song dynasty and the Samurai and Kamakura Shogunate.
China emergence as a civilization is accomplished with little no contact with other empires due to its geographical isolation. This is evident by the lack of new people and languages. The term China during this period does not refer to the same geographical entity as commonly believed. China during this period is approximately one thousand miles north to South and East to West, occupying much of the temperate zone of East Asia. The land to the North is well suited for crops like Grain due to Loess: a fine wind-driven soil that is fertile and easy to toil with primitive tools. The region to the South is warmer, wetter and more suited to rice cultivation and double cropping. China is isolated from other civilizations by mountains, deserts and grasslands. The Bronze Age is marked by the Shang dynasty in their capitol of Anyang. Shang kings ruled for over two centuries. The royal tomb at Anyang was sixty feet deep and three hundred feet long. A tomb this size would have taken thousands of laborers and the advanced technology was evident as they were filled with Bronze, Jade, Stone and textile goods. In 1200 B.C.E the Shang’s demonstrated writing and Logographic became their script. In logographic each word represented a single symbol. Although the Shang’s had knowledge of Phonetic writing it still continued to use the Logographic writing system. Metal working as in other early advanced civilizations were beautifully formed in a variety of shapes and sizes.
In 1050 B.C.E. the Zhou dynasty rebelled against the Shang and defeated them in battle and effectively ruling the Shang subjects. Using the book of documents they chronicled their conquest of the Shang and effectively established themselves as the rightful rulers. It is believed that early Zhou rulers used the mandate of heaven to maintain their so called rightful place as rulers as long as they did what was best for the people. The Zhou’s did not try to rule neighboring territories directly and preferred a more decentralized form of government. They accomplished this by setting up garrisons along their conquered territories and used relatives trusted subordinates to govern. This new form of government would eventually cause problems later .Under the Zhou dynasty Chinese society underwent drastic...

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