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Ancient Civilizations Essay

1287 words - 5 pages

Chapter one was about the prehistory era and it talked about the near eastern civilizations. It begins with describing the time periods in the prehistory era, such as the Paleolithic period, Mesolithic, Neolithic period and the age of metals. The book describes the lifestyles, homes, arts, Food sources, and technology of these early humans. In the age of the metals, technology and weapons got much more advanced, which the book describes in more detail. Next, we learn about the beginning of civilizations, which started with Mesopotamia but later moved into Egypt and other places. The book also goes into great detail of the three successive civilizations in Mesopotamia from 3,000 – 1600 BCE, which were the Sumerian, Akkadian, and Babylonian. These civilizations, especially the Sumerians, set up very complex civilizations, and were very influential to other civilizations. We learn about their governments, rights, agriculture, society, and cultural aspects of their societies. Those culture aspects included writing, religion, literature, science, mathematics, medicine, art, and architecture. After learning about Mesopotamia, the book shifts its focus on the civilizations of Egypt, mainly along the Nile River. Egypt was in its height from about 3500 through 1200 BCE. The book talks about these agricultural dominant societies and how they rely on the Nile. The book elaborates on all the important aspects of the early Egyptian civilizations. It talks about their government structure, technology, society, religion, writing and literature, science and medicine, architecture, which was very elaborate and amazing, and the arts such as sculpture and painting, which were very detailed and carefully crafted but lacked perspective. At the end of Chapter one the book talks briefly about the civilizations that follow the Mesopotamians and Egyptians which are the Assyrians, the Neo-Babylonians, the Medes, and the Persians. It mentions architecture, society, art, etc… Chapter 2 is about the Aegean Civilizations, which includes the Minoans, the Mycenaeans, and the Greeks of the Archaic Age. The chapter starts off talking about the Minoan civilization, which lasted from 3000 BCE through 1100 BCE. This civilization thrived on the island of Crete and was a prosperous and stable mercantile civilization. The text also describes the set up of their government and society, which was matriarchal. The book also talks about their art, their religious beliefs, writing, and their architecture and construction. After learning about the Minoan Civilization, the text begins to talk about the Mycenaean civilization which we know a lot more about then the Minoan. We learn about what type of people they were (aggressive warrior people), what writing they use, and about their government (Aristocratic and hierarchical). The Mycenaean civilization dispersed after they were defeated by the Dorians in 1100 BCE. After we learn about both civilizations, we learn about...

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