Ancient Crete Essay

1619 words - 6 pages

Ancient Crete

First Inhabitants

?Humans are believed to have arrived on the island now known as Crete sometime between 6500-6000 BCE, and the early Neolithic inhabitants may have arrived from Asia Minor.? While these early inhabitants were primitive, they had already adapted some stages of productivity such as possessing domestic animals (?Minoan,? Dilos).? Modern archeological findings date handmade ceramic pottery, which was frequently decorated with incised geometric motifs and made to imitate vessels made of straw, wood, or hide, to this early time period (Koutsoupakis).?

Minoan Civilization

?Around 3000 BCE, Crete became the home of the early Minoan civilization, a Bronze Age culture, named after the legendary ruler Minos.? It is uncertain whether the king was an actual person or not, but legends about him were grand and mythical.? Some tales included his pet Minotaur, a flesh-eating monster with the head of bull and the body of a man (?Minoan,? EB).? The arrival of the Minoans began a period of prosperity on the island, and during the subsequent centuries, Crete became the first center of high civilization in that area of the Mediterranean and fascinated the Greeks as a source of myths, legends, and laws.

Early Minoans built strong houses of stone and brick that often had a large number of rooms, red plaster walls, and paved courtyards, though evidence suggests the inhabitants may have continued to live in caves for some time as well (?Minoan,? Dilos).? People apparently lived in genos, or clans, and they developed consistent farming, stock raising, shipping, and commerce.? By this time, the Mother Goddess was worshiped as a form of a deity and a sort of cult symbol.? These early inhabitants are well known for their construction of a variety of tombs (large vaulted tombs at the Plain of Messara, cist tombs in Mohlos, chamber tombs in Agia Phota and Sitia, and grave compounds in other locations), which can still be observed today.? Pottery styles and decorations evolved during this time as Minoans used particular firing techniques and shaped pottery into designs such as ?teapot? shapes and tall, beaked pitchers.? Toward 1900 BCE, the end of this period, known as the Pre-Palace Period, the first polychrome pottery was made (?Minoan,? Dilos).

The First Palace Period: 1900-1700 BCE

?The next historical period, known as the First Palace Period, has been so named because the Minoans began to build large palaces.? Modern excavations indicate there were palaces in Knossos, Phaestos, Malia, and Zakros, though archeologists believe there must have been others (?Minoan,? Dilos).? Excavations of these palaces have revealed several common characteristics: each contained a large public courtyard and provisions for storing large quantities of grain.? The palaces were believed to be administrative centers for large local populations; for example, recent estimates suggest Knossos had between 15,000 and 50,000 people (?The Missing...

Find Another Essay On Ancient Crete

The Flight of Icarus Essay

708 words - 3 pages The Flight of Icarus I find the most fascinating of ancient writings to be Greek mythology. Writings produced by the early Greeks, in my opinion, even rival modern day literature. Hard to believe considering everything the human race has experienced and endured up to this point. With so many Greek tragedies, my favorite has to be "The Flight of Icarus." Our story begins on the isle of Crete. The earliest known settlers were

The Minoans Essay

523 words - 2 pages ANT 350 - Ancient Civilizations Prof. Susan Smiley T2 essay mcu4 - p PAGE 3 The Minoans were an ancient civilization that inhabited the island of Crete during the Bronze Age from 3000 BC to 1000 BC. The civilization was named after an early mythological leader named King Minos (Encyclopedia.com: 2008). Through research and artifact findings of this early society, archaeologists have been able to conclude that the Minoans were an advanced group

Odysseus, An Egotistical Cretin

1305 words - 5 pages . He proceeds to describe the land and inform him that he is in Ithaca. By somewhat insulting Odysseus, the shepherd basically tells Odysseus to be cautious because he is not particularly friendly. Odysseus utilizes the information to construct a custom-made anecdote for the shepherd. First, he informs the shepherd that he is from Crete and here with his fortune which he split equally between his children who still reside there. He gains

Divine Comedy - Dante and Virgil's Relationship in Canto XIV of Dante’s Inferno

842 words - 3 pages Dante and Virgil's Relationship in Canto XIV of Dante’s Inferno In Canto XIV of Dante’s Inferno, Virgil describes the statue of the Old Man of Crete. Dante uses the Old Man of Crete as a metaphor for Virgil’s legacy in order to elucidate the nature of Dante’s and Virgil’s relationship. In the beginning of the metaphor, Dante carefully and methodically illustrates the grandeur of the Greek empire and Roman civilization. "[Mount Ida] was

Atlantis Intrigues a Teen

1366 words - 5 pages “greatest ships” (Plato). The Minoan Empire “rivaled the ancient Egyptians” (Sinking Atlantis The Fall of the Minoans). They both worshipped, Atlantis with Poseidon and Akrotiri with priestesses. The island of Crete there was a “small statue found in Palaikastro, made of ivory tusks and gold made for a serpentinite statue” (Sinking Atlantis The Fall of the Minoans). Ivory comes from elephant tusks and Atlantis “contained a very large stock of elephants

western civilization

809 words - 3 pages Western civilization is one of the world‟s twenty-six civilizations. It started in Crete, the largest Greek island in the eastern Mediterranean sea, about 3,000 years ago. The civilization that rose in Crete was called the Minoan civilization because Crete at that time was under the rule of the legendary King Minos. Ancient Greek civilization originated more than 2,000 years ago on the shores of the Ionian and Aegean Seas. Ancient Greece

The Importance of the Minoan Crete and why it should be studied

1577 words - 6 pages placed upon individuals. Hence, the unique form of religion that existed in the Minoan Crete added interests to the study of this civilization. Minoan religion had two focuses. One was the mother goddess of fertility and the other was the sacred bull. The people of the ancient times greatly valued fertility. This included the fertility of soil, which ensured the yield of crops as well as the fertility of women, which would lead to the growth of

Greece's Culture

2551 words - 10 pages Greece's Culture Welcome to Greece. You are about to embark on a 10 day journey through one of the finast historical sites in the world. As we begin our journey you will be imersed in history and modern day culture. Greece is unlike many other places, a place where the ancient and modern worlds stand side by side. The Greek peninsula, covering an area of 131,944 square kilometers with a population of roughly 10,000,000 people. Greece is made

Ancient Mediterranean Art

1496 words - 6 pages Ancient Mediterranean Art I. Description of a Cycladic female figurine Cycladic civilization is divided into three periods: Early Cycladic (3000-2000 BC), Middle Cycladic (2000-1500 BC), and Late Cycladic (1500-1100 BC). The large amount of white marble sculptures located in the Cycladic islands, especially Naxos and Paros, a place exclusively made up of female folded-arm figures. These impressive marbles seem to be a

Greek and Roman Architectural Influences in Modern Society

1637 words - 7 pages was dedicated. The Greek style of architecture that we learn about today in school and from common knowledge began in the Bronze Age of the Aegean civilization (3000-1000 Before Christ), which was mostly located around the coast of Asia Minor, which was along what is now Southern Greece, and the island of Crete. In Ancient Greece, there were two distinct periods of time that encompassed different, yet similar, styles of architecture. The first was

Ancient Greek and Ancient Egyptian Art Compared A very brief overview of Greek art compared to Egyptian art (ancient that is). It basically gives details about both comparing them.

546 words - 2 pages Ancient Greek and Ancient Egyptian Art ComparedEgyptian art comes from the paintings the Egyptians created in the tombs of rich people when they died. These pictures were supposed to help the dead person out when he or she reached the next world, where the Egyptians thought you lived after you died in this world. At first, carvers had a hard time painting the pictures but in about 2160 B.C. they started taking short cuts and made their work

Similar Essays

Exploring The Validity Of The Statement That The Eruption Of Thera Caused The Downfall Of Minoan Crete

1778 words - 7 pages known, a more precise historical timescale could be produced that would give a more accurate chronology of ancient history during this time (Barber 1990, 221). Ever since Sir Arthur Evans developed the concept of the Minoan civilisation, there have been many proposed reasons for the downfall, each with their own evidence and supporters (Sheppard Baird 2009). It was in 1939 that Syridon Marinatos, a leading 20th century archaeologist of Crete

Greece 2 Essay

911 words - 4 pages visiting- In Greece there are not many major cities, so I have chosen to do the island of Crete. Crete is the largest island of Greece, and it is the fifth largest island in the Mediterranean Sea. It is sixty miles south of mainland Greece. Crete is where the ancient Minoan culture started, and each year one million tourists come to see the ancient Minoan ruins and relics of Crete. Kharia is the capital, and 40% of the residents live in either

The Decipherment Of Linear A And Linear B

668 words - 3 pages and B is a form of writing systems that were used by ancient Crete. Evans named them “Linear” because the writings were formed in a linear structure instead of being a pictograph which was a very popular writing form during that time. Evans also discovered that Linear A was a predecessor of Linear B. The writing forms Linear A and Linear B opened up a new world of discovery for the archeologist of that time period. In return these writings made

Speech On Minoan Legends

1430 words - 6 pages been found on the Atlantic sea bed. After nothing was found in the Atlantic Atlantis seekers turned to the Mediterranean The answer to the question may lie in the island near Crete called Thera. Thera was a small island about 110km away from Crete. Thera is in a group of islands called the cyclades, in the Aegean sea this group of islands stored a common culture in ancient times. Some historians believe the Minoans set up a colony on Thera and