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Ancient Egypt Essay

2519 words - 10 pages

Ancient Egypt is a fascinating ancient civilization. The Egyptian culture was heavily polytheistic with a complex view of the afterlife, which was evident in their architecture and communication. Even today as ancient Egypt melts together with modern Egypt. The pull of their ancient cities is still seen in Cairo and Alexandia.
The highly developed belief of polytheism in the Egyptian culture was made up of many gods. This belief is the base to the Egyptian culture and life. In the Egyptian polytheistic culture the gods took on form and characteristics of objects found in nature.
The Egyptian god Ra is considered the father of gods and was the most important and worshiped god. When the Egyptians think of the figure that Ra looks like it is normally a body of a human with the head of a falcon. The symbolism of Ra represents order and truth. Ra signifies the cycle of birth, life, and death, in Egyptian mythology. This is why he is known as the father of creation. When Egyptians use a symbol for Ra the most common is the sun. The sun was the most important thing in Egyptian life and represented the following: light, warmth, and growth. When Ra is drawn in Egyptian art he is normally seen as a man with pharaoh’s crown and a sun disk above the crown.
Ra does not dwell on earth like the other Egyptian gods. The Egyptians believe that he watches his children and kingdom from the sky. At the sunrise of each day Ra is called Khepri; at midday he becomes a falcon-headed man, and at sunset he becomes an elder called Atum. Great change came to Ra over the course of ancient Egyptian culture. During dynastic times he blended with Horus, the son of Osiris god of the underworld, and became Ra-Horakhty, at that time he became creator of the world’s ruling over sky, earth, and the underworld. Development of Ra took place from the second dynasty through the fifth. During the fourth dynasty pharaohs were known as “the sons of Ra”. Ra was a primary god in the fifth dynasty, which is when he became associated with the king and then the pharaoh. Ra became more and more popular during the new kingdom, which resulted in a sort of monotheism.
The Eye of Ra is an Egyptian symbol for protection and the divine royal power. This symbol even appears on the United Sates dollar bill. The eye within the pyramid represents Ra awaiting rebirth. Even though the Eye of Ra is within the pyramid his soul remains alive and watchful as the open eye indicates.
Osiris is the Egyptian god of the underworld. Osiris is one of five children born to Geb and Nut; the god of earth and the goddess of the skies. He was also the great grandson of Ra. All of Osiris’s siblings played an important role in his story: Seth, his brother and his two sisters Isis and Nepthys. Osiris inherited the throne of Egypt because he was the first born son if Geb and Nut.
Though Osiris and Isis were brother and sister they were married and were not destined to be happy. Osiris’s other sister, Nephthys,...

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