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Ancient Egypt Essay

1323 words - 6 pages

The civilization of Ancient Egyptians was based on religion. The Egyptians believed that death was just a temporary pause in your life rather than complete cessation. Through the use of mummification and piety to the gods they believed in the afterlife. The Egyptians belief of the afterlife is accurate and can be proven with history through research, hieroglyphics, artifacts and recent discovered text.
The ancient Egyptians believed in a god named Osiris (Ausar). Osiris was known as the God of the dead and the God of resurrection into the eternal life. Osiris was also known as the vegetation god. He was the son of Nut and Geb and was said to be born in Rosetau in the Necropolis, west ...view middle of the document...

To make sure their body would survive in the afterlife the Ka would have to be completed through the process of mummification. To ensure the survival of the deceased in the afterlife the priest placed amulets which contained written formulas among the bandages. These amulets where supposed to help the deceased pass the test of the underworld .The hieroglyphic symbol of the ka was depicted by two raised arms.
Then the Ba was the part of the soul that could travel between the worlds of the living dead. The Ba in ancient Egyptian art has been represented as a hawk with a human head. This was part of the belief that the soul would fly and leave the tomb to revisit or haunt the mortal world. Representation of the Ba is seen in many examples of hieroglyphics and papyrus, such as the Papyrus of Ani, a version of the Book of the Dead that contained nearly two hundred protective, magic spells. The soul could only roam around till the Ba and Ka united and became one known as the Akh.
The Akh was the transfigured spirit that survived death and mingled with the gods. Before reaching Akh the deceased would have to go through many tests in the underworld. These test included a variety of obstacles including terrifying beasts and creatures, various traps and demons. Egyptians would place things all around the deceased tombs to help the soul along the journey and pass the test. For example, Egyptians would leave boats in the tomb so they could be able to pass the underworld river.

If the soul failed to pass the test they would have a ‘second-death” which meant the complete obliteration of all earthly memory and their soul would wander as a ghost for eternity. Once their journey finished and had passed the test they would be granted to the afterlife. This would be a representation of eternal bliss, delight and peace.
Their beliefs were that the living Egyptians were responsible to help the dead journey into the afterlife .The human body was considered to be the container or tomb of the incarnation spirit. To make sure the body was flawless and ready to rejoin the spirit in the afterlife, Egyptians would do a process called mummification. Ancient Egyptians were the only ancient people who practiced mummification. In order for the soul in the underworld to recognize its body it must be preserved. The ritual for mummification took a total of seven days.
First the body would be washed. Then a cut was made in the left side of the body in able to remove all internal organs. The only organ that remained in the body was the heart. Ancient Egyptians believed that the heart was the centre of emotion and intelligence so it was left in the body for use in...

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