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Ancient Egyptians were a very important aspect to our past. The earliest forms of math derived from ancient Egyptians. The Egyptians lived in what is known as the old kingdom. They were the fits tot practice the mathematical and scientific arts. The word chemistry is derived from the word Alchemy which is and ancient name for Egypt. Egypt required math to create buildings, manage food supplies, and compute the flood levels of the Nile. They would use systems of dividing units of time such as sixty like we still use today for hours and minutes. They used “formal” math as far back as 3000 B.C., but basic math can be dated as far back as 2690 C.A. They are also believed to be the first to use ...view middle of the document...

” Different portions of this glyph represented different fractions with a numerator of one and a denominator of the multiples of two. They were able to perform multiplication with addition and subtraction.

Mathematics was also shown through the construction of the pyramids. The Egyptians would build pyramids in groups and they called their groups “craftsman-gang.” King Djoser’s architect, Imhotep, built the first pyramid, The Great Pyramid. It was built in 2560 B.C(Miller). It also may have been built using the Golden Ratio, Phi. It was once smooth but now its outer shell is rough so it is hard to tell of Phi was actually used to build it. The pyramid base covered over thirteen acres and its sides rose at an angle of fifty-one degrees. It stood over four hundred and one feet high, but is now four hundred and fifty feet high. Small pyramids would continue to be built for more than one thousand ears. The Egyptians would use copper tools such as chisels, drills, and saws to build these huge, magnificent pyramids. There is proof that the Egyptians were able to build this enormous pyramid using math is through accuracy of the pyramid itself. The pyramids side was only 0.63 inches off from each other and the angle of the corners was only 12 inches off of a right angle.

The Rhind Paprus is the longest and most complete of the ancient mathematical text. It was written form right to left in hieroglyphic script. A scribe named A’h-mose wrote the Rhind Papyrus and he copied the work from an older manuscript dating from the X11-th dynasty around 1800 B.C. (Shute). The problems on the Rhind Papyrus are specific examples using particular numbers and they are mostly “story problems.” The work was intended as exercises for the use of scribes in school. It was named after Alexander Henry Rhind, a Scottish antiquarian. He bought it in 1858 in Luxor, Egypt. August Eisndohr translated the Rhind Papyrus in 1872. This document is nearly four thousand years old and is the earliest mathematical documents. It contains eighty-four different mathematical problems. Skills were needed by scribes such as distributing one hundred loaves of bread among a workforce in different ratios. The Papyrus was places in its owner’s tomb as a sign of his highly educated status. This papyrus document is made from the papyrus reed.

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