This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Ancient Greece Why Did The Ancient Greeks Colonise

1650 words - 7 pages

Between 800 and 750 B.C. a major colonisation movement began that for 200 years carried Greek settlers to new homes along the Mediterranean and into the Black sea region. Colonisation began as Greece emerged into the Dark Ages period following the disintegration of the Minoan and Mycenaean civilisations, and was the product of a broad range of political and social disputes, an increase in population and land shortage and commercial interest. Greek colonies were not interested in conquering and living among native populations, they wanted the new settlement for themselves. The colonisation movement had many positive and negative results, as the Greek political system changed from monarchy to aristocracy, the hereditary system of land ownership was broken down, also trade created great wealth and a new middle class. Colonisation also had many cultural effects as the Greeks learned techniques from the Egyptians as well as the Phoenicians and from the people of Lydia.Political strife was a common feature of life in most Greek city-states at this time. There was competition for leadership among the noble families and this often led to a disaffected noble taking the initiative, leading a group of colonists to a new settlement (Bradley). Most city states were ruled by aristocrats and at first they ruled well, however overtime they governed to their own benefit. They were totally impervious to the needs of others as they jealously guarded their power (Herodotus). The aristocrats often resorted to violence against the lower classes. The ancient historian Aristotle can sustain this where he highlights that "there was civil strife between the nobles and the people for a long time". The aristocrats supported the sending out of colonist as a way of eliminating difficult citizens who were dissatisfied with their rule. This is clearly acknowledged by the modern historian Bradley where he states, " The aristocrats realised the need to promote colonial ventures to remove citizens who were discontented with their rule". In Corinth, Sparta and Mytilene there was pronounced political tension and even violence between the rich and the poor. Such conflict encouraged the use of colonisation as a solution. It can clearly be seen that the political and social disputes that are occurring at this time have caused Greece to colonise, as the people are not getting along with each other or their class type.The Colonisation movement affected the Greek political system as it changed from monarchy to aristocracy, as a result the gap between the rich and poor classes widened. For Example the wealthy classes began to buy large amounts of corn and selling them at high prices when there was a shortage to the poor. This forced the poorer classes to borrow at high rates of interest and get themselves into debt. This led to the increase of profits to the wealthier classes as they used the poorer people as slaves. This is clearly highlighted by the modern historian Bradley as he states,...

Find Another Essay On Ancient Greece Why did the ancient Greeks Colonise

Ancient Greece Essay

956 words - 4 pages Ancient Greece was the birthplace of Western civilization about 3rd millennium to the 1st century. They were known for their philosophy, architecture, drama, government, and science. Geographically it indicates the heartland of Greek communities on the north coast and nearby islands of the Mediterranean Sea. Culturally, though it indicates how the ancient Greeks spoke. How they worshipped and understood the physical world.Greek civilization

Ancient Greece Essay

1198 words - 5 pages scources. beacuse of this we do have alot of information on main cities like athens or sparta but not much on other smaller ones. Law enforcement in ancient greece was unusual compared to ours now. They employed slaves to police the greek cities beacuse they did not want to be patrolled by their own people. When someone was turned inby another citezen they would recieve half of the fine. In athens a crimminal would be tried in front of a jury of

Ancient Greece

986 words - 4 pages A Comparative Essay Ancient Greece 950 BCE was a culture that took great pride in perfection, excellence and overall greatness. The people weren't what today's society would consider modern, but of their time they were. The Greeks essentially molded the creative world with their intelligence in art, architecture, and astronomy for many cultures to come. The Romans who basically claimed the Greeks developments as their own destroyed many of their

Ancient Greece - 811 words

811 words - 3 pages ANCIENT GREECEAncient Greece is a peninsula located off the Mediterranean Sea, and is surrounded by several islands.Ancient Greece was made up of different types of government. There were two types of city states an oligarchy , which is ruled by a small group of citizens and a direct democracy ruled by the people . All citizens could make speeches and vote at the Assembly. The Council made up of 500 citizens made new laws which were debated in

Ancient Greece - 510 words

510 words - 2 pages After Greece made great migrations from 1100-1000 BC, there was a period called the Greek "dark ages" because little is known about it. At this time, many city-state settlements were emerging. They fortified it at the foot of a hill, so inhabitants could take refuge from any attacks. This city-state or polis contained dependent territory, which they used for agriculture and pasture.The early archaic polis had weak public authority. They had a

The Divinity of Ancient Greece

2619 words - 11 pages one god. Nowadays, one third of the world population is monotheistic (“World Religious Statistics”). Nonetheless, it was not like that at all in ancient times because the majority of cultures were polytheistic. Greece, a country located in southeast Europe, is well known today due to the Greek gods and goddesses, the divine power in which the Greeks believed. The Greek gods and goddesses were a group of twelve called the Olympians who ruled after

The Theatre of Ancient Greece

575 words - 2 pages The theatre of ancient Greece is a theatrical tradition that grew in ancient Greece between 550 and 220 BC. Athens was the centre of ancient Greece theatre. Tragedy and comedy were some of theatrical forms of plays performed there.The origin of Western theatre is in ancient Greece. It developed from a festival in Athens, honoring the god Dionysus.Greek plays were performed in an outdoor theatre and were always performed by three male performers

The Daily Life of the Ancient Greeks

1297 words - 6 pages In Robert Garland’s Daily Life of the Ancient Greeks, he provides information about different time periods in Greek history from the Mycenaean Period, all the way to the Hellenistic Period. This time lasted from 1600BC all the way to 31BC. Garland attempts to inform the reader about the different lifestyles of people in each time period based on their socioeconomic status. He tells about the daily lives of children, average adults, slaves

Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome

636 words - 3 pages Heavens. The Titans were the first beings that lived in Mount Olympus in Ancient Greece, but were overthrown and sent to the lower areas of the underworld. After their reign of power ended, the Olympian gods became the most powerful beings. Both the Ancient Greeks and the Ancient Romans had enormous respect for human beings, and what they could accomplish with their minds and bodies. The Greeks and Romans both believed that there was a higher power

The Importance of Family for Ancient Greeks

966 words - 4 pages Family is extremely important to Greeks and is based on social structure (Greece - Cultural Studies). The ancient Greeks believed in many gods and each of the gods signified a certain characteristic in life. Zeus being the main God (Galens and Spampinato). Greek families are very loving and caring for each other. Although, once one member of the family does something dishonorable it puts the whole family to shame. “Greece has the highest

Agriculture in Ancient Greece

1618 words - 6 pages Greeks did not have access to many vast fertile lands since only 20% of the Greek land was in fit conditions to grow crops (Ancient History Encyclopedia, “Agriculture In Ancient Greece”). People looked to agriculture to keep their civilization running day to day. A large part of Greece is rocky, mountainous, and is partly made up of many islands. This caused the Ancient Greeks to not be able to farm and cultivate in a big part of the empire. Land

Similar Essays

Ancient Greeks Essay

2458 words - 10 pages Ancient Greece has gone through many changes throughout history. The most notorious age was the Hellenistic Age but had many different ages leading up to it. The Bronze Age (3300-1150 B.C) was a period where the world saw major advances in social, economical, and technology that made Greece the hub of activity in the Mediterranean area. The Archaic Age (700-480 B.C.E) was a period when the Greeks repopulated and became more organized politically

Ancient Greece: The Olympics Essay

2694 words - 11 pages Often when we think of Greece and their people we tend to immediately make a connection to the Olympics and rightly so because athletic games and events have long been part of the Ancient Greece culture. As a matter of fact they played a crucial role in religious festivals, playing parts in personal family affairs such as weddings and even taking part in more grim events such as funerals. Such as the case of famous warrior Achilles, in honor of

Ancient Greece: The Kings Essay

859 words - 3 pages . Peoples from many little-known nations in the vast empire of Xerxes joined in the army of the Great King to invade little Greece. Following the chariot of Or'muzd are soldiers from India, Thrace, Chal'y-be'a and both Ethiopias.The Greeks heard of Xerxes army amassing and were better prepared for the invasion than in the first Persian War (the Battle of Marathon). Athenians and Spartans combined with about 29 other city-states, under the leadership

Ancient Greece Essay 1572 Words

1572 words - 7 pages . Ancient Greece has full-action, non stop, amazing information. The food, religion, clothing,shelter, artistic expression, power and authority, and much more. There is lots to learn . The Olympics (still going today) was super important to the Greeks. They did many sport. After they ran, jumped, swam. They was very famished. They went home and ate lots of food. The food they ate is similar to the food that we eat today. They ate cheese from goat and