This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Ancient Greek Sculpture. Essay

2745 words - 11 pages

The 'Golden Age' of Ancient Greece (referred to as the Classical Period) was the zenith of one of the most academic and prosperous civilisations of antiquity, all areas of humanistic pursuit thrived and excelled such as art, philosophy, literature, politics, theatre and technology. Art in particular became renowned for naturalistic interpretations of human form and through the masters of sculpture the legacy of Greece was assured. The emergence of this technical mastery grew out of what is known as the Archaic Period, and after reaching the climax of the Classical era greek culture disseminated during the Hellenistic Period. The Greeks perfected sculpture in all the main mediums of gold, ivory, wood, stone, terracotta, bronze and marble and the main forms of 'In the round', low relief and high relief [source: A History of Greek Art by F.B.Tarbell]. Sculptors depicted human-like gods or godlike humans often in the with the perfection embodied by Athletes of the Olympic Games. The highest degree of control in technique captured an astounding realism, the most illustrious of all sculptors lived in the 'Golden Age' and those perceived to be the greatest include Myron of Athens, the well renowned Pheidias of Athens, Polykleitos of Argos, Praxiteles of Athens, Scopas of Paros and Lysippus of Sicyon [stated by F.B.Tarbell]. However what we know of artists and artworks are limited, no period of an art style ends suddenly at a specific date rather each flows from one to the other. What my essay will detail is aspects of the three most interesting periods in Greek sculpture (mentioned above), the subject of the sculptures from these periods and the six of the finest Greek sculptors (mentioned above).The Archaic Period is noted as being when naturalism began to substantially emerge in greek sculpture and when sculpture emerged as a principal form of artistic expression [source: www.infoplease.com]. The characteristics of the Oriental and Geometric Periods waned and gave way to a fusion, novel Eastern techniques of hammering bronze, motifs and curvilinear patterns were combined seamlessly with the Hellenic figurative style and mythological subject. There is no defined year or decade for when the Archaic Period actually starts yet it can be stated that it began in the seventh century BC and ended with the onset of the Persian wars, 480 BC. This period can be broken down into four periods: the Early Archaic, Middle Archaic, Late Archaic and Final Archaic [source: Greece-Splendours of an Ancient Civilisation by Furio Durando].The Archaic style gave an impression of relatively remarkable realism that was albeit very rigid and stylised as the stone block shape was still evident. The archetypal figures of the Archaic were the Apollo-type figures called 'Kouros' which were nude males and 'Kore' which were females draped in long garments [source: en.wikipedia.org]. The Kouroi dated back to the beginning of this period and were colossal marble statues with four...

Find Another Essay On Ancient Greek Sculpture.

ROMAN COPIES OF GREEK ORIGINALS Essay

2322 words - 9 pages to work from such inadequate and second-rate reproductions.” It is a necessity with any form of art to appreciate it in respect to it’s own culture and context. Whilst the sculpture of Ancient Rome may have had the added benefit of providing insight into Greek sculpture, there is no reason for this benefit to detract from appreciation of the unique sculpture left by the Romans. Furthermore, the supposition that Greek art is aesthetically and

How Depictions of the Human Form Changed from the Prehistoric to Classical Times - ECU/English Literature - Essay

1298 words - 6 pages Willendorf. Scholars presume that this figure is meant to represent fertility, prosperity and beauty. With regard to the prosperity aspect of the sculpture, it may be that these ancient people thought that the apparent prosperity of the figure would magically translate into actual prosperity for them. By contrast, during the much later Cycladic period, the Keros-Syros culture created statues such as the Statuette of a Woman (currently in the

PERIODS OF GREEK ART

807 words - 4 pages differences between how they were sculpted. For instance, take the Greek sculpture Kouros (c 580 B.C. made of marble, standing at 6’4” tall) the standing male nude. While this resembled characteristics of Egypt sculptures such as pose and proportion, his form becomes more dynamic as the sculpture is nude. Kouros also appears to wear jewelry around his neck and the exquisite detail in the braids of his hair suggest he is groomed and dressed properly

Comparing Roman and Greek Art

1229 words - 5 pages Comparing Roman and Greek Art Throughout history art has consistently reflected the cultural values and social structures of individual civilizations. Ancient art serves as a useful tool to help historians decipher some important aspects of ancient culture. From art we can determine the basic moral and philosophical beliefs of many ancient societies. The differences in arts purpose in Greece and Rome, for example, show us the

Classical Greek Architecture

1284 words - 5 pages the pediment, which contains no sculpture of any sort. The majority of all Greek pediments would have had some sort of sculpture that would present relevant pictures and scenes that all ancient Greeks would have recognized. Ultimately, when one puts together the parts that make up the American Express picture, it could function as a prostyle Greek temple if it were back in classical Greece. The temple of ancient Greece functioned as a place of

Jakskkskskss

819 words - 4 pages to the Pharaoh,architecture was destroyed by the New Kingdom rulers.2 temples: Mortuary (pharaoh), God (Veneration),Karnak (Religious and economic center).Reliefs: for tombs and temples. Painting: human figures,Representation of animals, sense of volume.Aristotle: Was a Greek philosopher and polymath.Herodotus: Was an ancient greek historian and lived inThe fifth century BC.Plato: Was a philosopher in classical Greece. He was alsoA

The Significance of The Discobolus

949 words - 4 pages The Discobolus is one of the most recognisable and influential artistic pieces to emerge from Ancient Greece. The Discobolus was a bronze sculptured depicting an athlete throwing a discus and was created by prolific Greek artist Myron of Eleutherae (Harris & Zucker 2012). Although a precise date of creation is unknown, it is widely theorised that the sculpture was created between 450 and 460 BCE (Harris & Zucker 2012). Myron’s original

Greek Contributions on Western Civilizations

864 words - 3 pages . Western literature and theatre can be traced back to early Greek culture and ideas. Western architecture can be traced back to the ancient Greeks. Widely admired and long lasting contributions by ancient Greece include structures and building, such as the Parthenon (Document 7). This structure, built around 447 BC on the Acropolis, was dedicated to the goddess Athena. Inside, a gold and ivory sculpture of Athena stood. In ancient Greece, people took

This assignment highlights Greek life - World History 9th - Greek DBQ

931 words - 4 pages that showed a perfect form of human. An example of this type of sculpture is the sculpture Laocoon and his sons (Document 1) because it shows a perfect human. Towards the later period of artwork, the Ancient Greeks created sculptures that conveyed emotion. In the statue Discobolus (Document 17), there is a man with a disk in his hand. He is very serious and concentrated, which is a form of emotion. From the early to late period of Greek art, they

The Golden Age of Greece and its Effects On the Modern World

965 words - 4 pages known about ancient Greek art, little is known about the archaic period, in particular. (www.civilization.ca)Although we know from written sources that the Greeks painted pictures from the Bronze Age through to the Roman conquest and beyond, most of them have been destroyed. It may seem strange that more of the older paintings survived than the more recent ones. This is because some of the Bronze Age paintings were buried by volcanoes (as at

Role Model of the West

1614 words - 6 pages statement.” (Sherman & Salisbury, 60) Not only were the architects amazing at building beautiful temples, they also created amphitheatres, such as the Dodoni Ancient Greek Theatre. The Classical Age was not only a change for architecture, but it was also a change for the statues of Greek as well. The sculptures of ancient Greek during the Classical Age had new meaning to them; they defined themselves with movement and expressions. (Sculpture

Similar Essays

Greek Sculpture And Developments Essay

1761 words - 7 pages fortifications. In architecture, the sculptures were made to sit in public places and be admired for their aesthetic value, which only helped to reinforce the new orientation. As a result, although Greek sculpture had several roles in ancient society, it was by no means exclusively dictated by religion and the orientation towards the depiction of the ideal human anatomy was free to emerge and grow.As defined earlier, in the 7th century, sculpture

Greek Sculpture Essay

1187 words - 5 pages The Geometric period is the first period in Ancient Greek Art and Sculpture, which began in the ninth century and ended in the seventh century B.C.. In this period sculptures were constructed in a much smaller, cruder form then the well-known sculptures of the other Greek periods. An example of a statue created in the Geometric period is Hero and centaur (Herakles and Nessos?), which is dated between 750-730 B.C.. The sculptures most likely

Reaserch Paper

770 words - 4 pages During the Renaissance, the art works that impacted me the most were the sculptures, as a result, the piece of art that I picked that was not in chapter 16: “The Renaissance” of the book is “Perseus with the Head of Medusa” by Benvenuto Cellini, 1545. The first reason that I chose this sculpture to represent the Renaissance era, is because it portrays an ancient Greek and Roman mythological story. During this time artist and scholars were

Laocoon And His Sons Essay

792 words - 3 pages at the elbow and grasping the serpent from behind his head. As a result, historians were led to believe that the sculpture was designed for only a frontal view.Upon examining this marvelous ancient Greek sculpture, one can take note of the immense amount of detail it demanded. The arms of the figures turn back upon their bodies, and the muscles of their torsos and arms extend and knot as they struggle to break free from the serpents grasp. The