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Ancient Greeks Essay

2458 words - 10 pages

Ancient Greece has gone through many changes throughout history. The most notorious age was the Hellenistic Age but had many different ages leading up to it. The Bronze Age (3300-1150 B.C) was a period where the world saw major advances in social, economical, and technology that made Greece the hub of activity in the Mediterranean area. The Archaic Age (700-480 B.C.E) was a period when the Greeks repopulated and became more organized politically. This age was followed by the Classical Age (480-323 B.C.E) a period when Athens and Sparta dominated the Hellenic world with their cultural and historical achievements. The final Greek Age was the Hellenistic Age (323-30 B.C.E). This period was the ...view middle of the document...

City-states were included in dozens of Greek communities all across the Greek world. “The polis, as the Greeks called it, served as the characteristic social and political organization for Greeks until at least the Roman period” (Pomeroy, Sarah, 84). City-states were the work of aristocracy. With the growing population, greater exploitation of the land and resources, increasing productivity and wealth, expanding trade, and complicated relationships with neighboring states, a more complex system of organization and social control was necessary.
Between 670 and 500 B.C. many city-states went through a phase of tyranny. Greek tyrants were short-lived. Aristocrats hated tyrants for controlling their land and people. Many tyrants were skilled and former aristocrats. During the Archaic Age art, literature, philosophy, and science had a burst with creative energy. In various city-states designs and style became different. Just like art and literature, philosophy and science arose in Greece. During the Archaic Age philosophers concentrated on the structure and development of the physical universe, the Greeks during this time studied things that they could see with the naked eye. They named the planets and constellations after their gods and characters in their myths.
Historians don’t know a lot about the actual development of the Spartan system, though they believed that Spartans follow the beliefs of the Lycurgus . Men’s dining room, organization of the population by age order, and the use of iron money is all credited to Lycurgus. The Spartan system was based around military. Greek boys were taught to be skilled and courageous in battle. Greek boys went to camps to be trained in groups to encourage conformity, obedience, group solidary, and military skills. Females in Greece were treated better than other civilizations. Women where able do many activities just like men and weren’t looked down upon. This is an excerpt from Plutarch’s Life of Lygurgus describing the role of girls.
First he toughened the girls physically by making them run and wrestle and throw discus and javelin. He made girls no less than young men. On some occasions the girls would make fun of the young men, helpfully criticizing their mistakes.
The Greeks looked at women differently than other civilizations. This is how Lygurgus would make girls present themselves. They were not only the housewife but also part of Greeks cultures participating in various activities. The Spartans didn’t associate themselves with foreigners, only in extreme conditions. The Spartan government consisted of monarchical, oligarchical, and democratic elections but didn’t want to abandon traditional institutions. Spartans started to become involved in other Greek states politics. Spartans wanted to halt tyrants and suppress any government that was thinking on its own. In the sixth century Sparta tried to expand north into Arcadia and Argos. After the conquest they became the most powerful state in all of...

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