Ancient History: Preserved Human Remains Study Of Oetzi The Iceman And Lindow Man

1412 words - 6 pages

From the techniques used to study the remains of human bodies and the specific locations in which they are found, it is possible to learn details of their lives prior to their deaths and subsequent preservation. Two specific cases where the study of human remains has led to an insight into the person's life are Lindow Man and Oetzi the Iceman."Over the past centuries, remains of many hundreds of people - men, women, and children - have come to light during peat cutting activities in north-western Europe. These are the 'bog bodies'. Some of the bodies are well-preserved complete bodies, and some are isolated heads and limbs. They range in date from 8000 B.C. to the early medieval period. Most date from the centuries around the beginning of our era." - (Archaeological Institute of America)On August 1, 1984, Andrew Mould was working with Eddie Slack, placing blocks of peat onto an elevator that would transport them to a shredding mill, when he looked at one block of peat and noticed what he thought was a piece of wood embedded in it. He jokingly threw it at Eddie, when it missed him it hit the ground and crumbled, revealing a human foot. Andrew quickly reported his find to the police. When the police arrived they soon located the area of the bog where the foot had been dug up. On the surface of the peat, was a flap of darkened skin belonging to what was later called Lindow Man. They covered it with wet peat until scientists could be summoned to view the body.He was discovered lying between two different layers of peat, suggesting that at the time of deposition the area had been a reasonably deep pool. His arms had badly deteriorated, probably immediately after his death. The parts of his body which were discovered in 1984 include his head, torso and right foot. Then, in 1988, a body originally labelled Lindow IV was found, consisting of the skin of the buttocks, part of the left leg, and both the right thigh and femur of a man; scientists now consider this to be more of Lindow Man, as the pieces from both finds combine to form a single body.He was probably a man of status, judging from evidence of neatly trimmed hair, beard and nails.It is believed that Lindow man may have eaten a certain type of flour in bread that made him hallucinate, people would have seen this hallucinating as him being possessed by a form of evil. Lindow man was first hit in the back of the head two to three times with a blunt object that fractured his skull, and then he was strangled or garrotted, stabbed in the chest and had his throat cut perhaps not as a killing blow but to drain the body of blood.Lindow man's body would have then been thrown into a large pond or hollow. That had been grown over with peat, which had rotted creating an oxygen-free environment where the bodies would not have been able to rot.Lindow Man was preserved in a peat bog in Cheshire for nearly two thousand years. The acidic, oxygen-free conditions in the bog slowed down the rate at which the body...

Find Another Essay On Ancient History: Preserved Human Remains - Study of Oetzi the Iceman and Lindow Man

The Concept of Gender in the Study of Ancient History

4609 words - 18 pages when studying ancient history, as it played a significant role in defining the structure of society. The progression of society, both Greek and Roman, can also be marked by the changing perceptions of each gender, found in abundant literary sources and archaeological material. These sources of evidence make it possible to study gender, however we should also take into account, when using literature as evidence, some

Remains of the Day Essay

712 words - 3 pages Remains of the Day Kazuo Ishiguro’s Remains of the Day is about the struggles one man, Mr. Stevens, has with relationships with his father, Miss Kenton and his employer, but the struggle he focuses on the most is to be a “great butler.” He pushes himself physically to work as hard as he can, as well as mentally to determine what makes a butler great. Stevens sacrifices all normal human encounters with those around him in order to be an

Remains Of The Day

957 words - 4 pages AJL Fading World of Greatness The only person that Stevens can blame for his impenetrable shell of professionalism is himself. Throughout his life he had one duty, "to provide good service"(The Remains of the Day pg.199). This central butler's duty and the professionalism that it encompasses form the undercurrent of the novel that pull Stevens away from all significant relationships, principally those with his father and Miss Kenton. This burden

The Image of Womanhood in Ancient History and Today

2124 words - 8 pages that she raise along the banks of the Euphrates, that sacred huluppu tree For that man, that called himself king over all things, turned his eye away from the goddess and the men, that called themselves kings, wrote the history for evermore. That which once was an expression of the pride in womanhood became a demon to be shunned. She stood with the women, and men of the time, still granting that mercy her ancient image in the city of Umma

A Study of Ancient and Modern Architecture

1736 words - 7 pages because each individual element of it must also be recreated; the history behind it, the perspective of the creators, and the circumstances of the time. For these reasons and more modern architecture suffers some inferiorities to ancient and classic architecture. Architecture in some ways is the epitome of human creation. It fulfills the human desire to create more fully than many art forms. It is more than just designing and constructing simple

Pipe Dreams: The Lifeblood of Ruin and Despair in "The Iceman Cometh".

1247 words - 5 pages "The Iceman Cometh" by Eugene O'Neill centers on drunks in a skid row bar in 1912. The bar dwellers spend their time drinking rotgut whiskey and reminiscing about yesterdays and idolizing tomorrows, the fantasies of the future, which are shattered by the reformed salesman, Hickey. In the play, these pipe dreams keep the bar's populace alive.All of the residents of Harry Hope's bar thrive on pipe dreams, except Larry and Parritt, but the effects

The Study of History

2434 words - 10 pages The knowledge, varied approaches, concepts, and methods of collecting evidence and interpreting the past are essential to the study of history. These approaches are not static; they evolve as society and culture evolves, and evolution of approaches and methodology is vital to the continued study of history. The tradition of cataloging and referencing is the foundation of traditional history and this is their legacy to the modern practice.The new

Ancient Egypt. Talks about the history of ancient egypt

1119 words - 4 pages Ancient EgyptOne of the most interesting aspects of ancient Egypt is its religion. The depth of Egyptian thinking and rich imagination displayed in the creation of ideas and images of the gods and goddesses is beyond compare. On elaborating their beliefs, the Egyptians were working on the cosmic plane searching for an understanding of the most basic laws of the universe (Religion). The ancient Egyptians instilled their religion into every aspect

The Significance of the discovery of the Iceman

2171 words - 9 pages The Iceman was discovered on the 19th September 1991 by a German couple, Helmut and Erika Simons, who were hiking near the Austrian and Italian border in the Alps. They both had wandered slightly off trail when Erika spotted a head and shoulders sticking out of the ice, she first thought it was a discarded doll, but it was later found out to be an ancient traveler now known as the Iceman. The Iceman was quickly named Otzi, after the valley

The Contributions of Ancient Civilizations to History

1159 words - 5 pages know about the people before written records is limited to what artifacts and artwork we find. Pre History man used crude tools made of primarily stone. During the Upper Paleolithic era, beginning about 40,000 B.C., people refined these tools by using polished stone. New tools like fishhooks and sewing needles were made out of bone and wood during this time. During the Neolithic revolution around 11,000 B.C., people made the first semi

Remains of Egyptian Kings and Myth

1242 words - 5 pages had been crossed, a person's spirit or ba could be manifested in many places at once. After judgment, which could be cheated with magic, a person's ba could travel with Ra or rest with Osiris in the underworld (Egyptian 119). There were many different dangers to the dead and having a complete body with which to return to for rest was very important for the Egyptians. Human remains were not the objects of reverence and worship as Christian saints

Similar Essays

An Essay About The Human Remains Of The Inuit Mummies Of G Reenland. Evaluates The Scientific Techniques Used On The Human Remains And What The Results Show About The Society Of The Ancient Inuit Life.

1122 words - 4 pages Copenhagen for further analysis by the pathologist J.P Hart Hansen and the archaeologists Jorgen Meldgaard and Jorgen Nordqvist. The "Greenland Mummies" as they came to be referred to as, were the best-preserved human remains ever found in North America.The mummified bodies had been stacked on top of each other, five in one grave and three in the other. They were all dressed in warm clothing made of sealskin, consistent with the traditional Inuit

The Discovery Of Lindow Man Essay

1867 words - 7 pages for Lindow Man to be placed into the freeze-drying machine. The results were rewarding, as the corpse only shrank by 5% and retained enough elasticity to be easily handled. The remains were slowly acclimated to the room temperature of 19°C, and a relative humidity of 55%. Lindow Man had again been saved from decay, and remains preserved for generations to come.The Role of Modern Science and Technology:Through using advanced methods

Techniques Used For The Diagnostic Of Ancient Tuberculosis Remains

1937 words - 8 pages pathogen persistence in the human archaeological remains. It also presents the genomic loci investigated in the field on molecular bioarchaeology for discrimination of MTBC species. Keywords: tuberculosis, FT-IR, MALDI-TOF-MS, HPLC, ancient-DNA Introduction World Health Organization (WHO) ranks tuberculosis as the second most dominant infectious disease, exceeded just by HIV/AIDS. Given the incidence of the disease today and the appearance of

German History: The Discovery Of Otzi, "The Iceman"

1575 words - 6 pages Perhaps the most remarkable discovery of the latter 20th century was that of the iceman, Ötzi. His discovery changed the view of prehistoric life, and gave reason for scientists to rethink the dates of Bronze Age. It is not only remarkable that his body survived for over 5,000 years, but also that his tools and clothing were in such excellent shape. Scientists now know many details about the man known as Ötzi. They know what region he