Ancient Israel Essay

1588 words - 7 pages

The Jewish religion makes Israel’s culture in 722 B.C. - 540 B.C. distinctive. Israel’s religion is important in the fact that it started the Catholic culture. Though most Christians do not do the same things the Jews did back then, the bases for their beliefs and ideas came from the Jews. The Israelites’ way of life was influenced by their religion. They maintained their faith even when they were being exiled. Their work, customs, laws, and other things were all influenced by their Jewish religion. The geography of Southern Israel was also important in the ...view middle of the document...

Thus the community could grow greater produce and could have a source for water.
Climate in Israel was predictable every year, but this allowed the Israelites to know when to do their certain types of work. In the summer there were long dry hot spells. In the winter, it was cool and rain fell most of the time. Therefore there was less agriculture in the summer due to minimal rainfall. It rained lower in the south than in the north because the south was hotter and closer to the equator. Thus most farmers lived in the north so they could grow their crops. The Israelites lived in tents most of the time in the south since the soil could be bad for farming; that is why they never really made permanent settlements. Once the Israelites reached the North they were able to make permanent settlements since that soil was good for farming. Therefore whether or not they settled depended on whether or not the soil there was good. Indeed, this was one way they determined if they settled, but another way was following wherever their flock went from place to place. The houses the Israelites built in the North were made out of sundried bricks. The poorer families had only one room inside their house while the wealthier families could afford larger houses with terraces.
In this environment, the Israelites used many different resources to help them work. The alluvial soils in the north were suitable for agriculture and pastures. This is the way they were able to produce food for the people and raise animals. Water from seas and rivers was used for everyday life. Thus the water was used for agriculture, but it was also used for animals, plants, and for drinking and cooking. The men that were hunters or fishermen used their produce for their family and selling at the market. This allowed them to make sure their families were fed and also generated income. As for the women they did domestic work at home in order to care for their children, prepare food, and make clothes for them. The women did not work outside the home besides selling items at the market and doing their daily errands. This was the way of life and the way to raise a family.
There are many folkways that made Israel unique. Israel had a culture consisting of two different languages, Hebrew and Aramaic, which were present in biblical times. Hebrew was being influenced throughout their ways of life, including traditions and music. The Israelites had many customs and traditions. They had the Sabbath day, the day on which they worshiped the Lord and did no work. They also had Sukkot and Pesach, which were the final harvest and spring festivals. These festivals were influenced by their Jewish religion and Hebrew culture. Harvest season was very important according to Hebrew culture. The Israelites had very strict laws. According to their biblical tradition they had the 10 commandments, the Torah, and 613 Mosaic laws. These laws had to be followed to the...

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