Ancient Nubia Essay

1008 words - 4 pages

Definition of a civilization According to my definition of a civilization the ancient Nubian qualify in all fields. They have achieved a division of labor, which sparked advanced government, a written language, advanced technology, and a calendar.Division of labor During the Neolithic age, the Nubian people abandoned their hunter-gatherer society and adopted a new way of life, one with farming and raising animals. It created a division of labor. In the early stages there were a few basic occupations one could pursue. Farming, ranching, and medicine making were the most common of the early careers.As the Nubian civilization evolved many other occupations became available to the people. There were need for hotels, markets, bathhouses, artist, priest, and blacksmiths. One could also take a career as a politician, military officer, record keeper or other careers related to the government. Trading was another way to go. Many people made a living by managing the trade with other countries or working on the trade ships. The division of labor required Nubian's to stay in one area rather than travel the land by seasons, and in turn that spawned all other aspects of their civilization.Advanced government Before the Nubians had kings or chiefs the people that usually controlled the population controlled the trade. Trade managers were the people who took farmer's cattle or crops and traded them up the river for whatever the farmer wanted. Nubia depended heavily on trade. Without it they would surely perish. Because of this, trade managers eventually became the official rulers of Nubia. Nubia had established an early form of monarchy supported by three different rulers. The royal crown prince, the general of the river, and the prince of akin were the three main areas of power. All of these positions were hereditary. Though the rulers were the all-deciding power, religion played an important role in government, therefore priest, chosen by the kings, advised them in their decisions. Over time these priest became much like a legislature. They would discuss situations and laws, then report their conclusions to the king for the final decision.Written language The language written and spoken by Nubians actually came from Egypt. They started speaking it around 2000 b.c.c and began writing it between 900-600 b.c.c. The hieroglyphic script was mainly for royal or religious texts craved in stone. Though scarce, hieratic was used for letters, records, and things of that sort. It was a kind of shorthand hieroglyphic. The hieroglyphic script has about 750 signs. Most are pictures of people, animals, plants, or objects. Royal or holy names were written in a frame called cartouche to emphasize their importance.There are two main types of sign: sound-signs and sense-signs. Sound-signs can represent from one to four consonants. The vowels were not written out. A sense-sign can be used to write a word of placed after a word to show the area of meaning. For example, verbs of...

Find Another Essay On Ancient nubia

Critically discuss how Egyptian pharaohs of this period (besides Hatshepsut) established and maintained the empire

3059 words - 12 pages society to be considered an "empire", it must be a state that extends dominion over areas and population that are culturally and ethically distinct form the culture of the centre of power. In this case, it refers to Egypt holding control over other societies outside of Egypt itself, such as those in Nubia, Syria and Palestine. The full establishment of the Egyptian empire was in the 18th Dynasty, a time where it flourished and came to fulfillment

Ancient egyptian civilization from 3100-32bc Essay

1487 words - 6 pages Ancient EgyptBetween 3100 and 332 B.C was the rise and climax of one of the richest and oldestancient civilizations. It's lifeline was the Nile river in the Nile valley. Here, Egyptiandynasties ruled from the first cataract of the Nile to the Mediterranean Sea. At the it'sheight it ruled an empire that reached from Syria in the east to Nubia in the south.In this report I will be covering the Archaic Period, the Old Kingdom, the MiddleKingdom the

Sudan

1108 words - 5 pages Sudan, in ancient times was the kingdom of Nubia. Nubia was Egyptian, ruled around 2600 B.C. Sudan has had quite a diverse and interesting past shaping the country to what we now call Sudan. From the civil, war of the National Islamic Front and the People’s Liberation Army to the discovery of oil. Southern and Northern Sudan is rich in history, culture, and population diversity. I picked Sudan to learn more about my friends, and to put meaning

ancient egyptians nile

2457 words - 10 pages Situated in the north east of Africa, the Nile is the blood, life and backbone of Egyptian existence and culture, for without it, Egypt would just be a wasteless continuation of the Sahara Desert. In this essay, I will explain the environmental and geographical factors as well as some of their influences upon the political and social structure of the Ancient Egyptians. My references come from a wide range of different books and internet websites

The New Kingdom Army

1587 words - 6 pages attack. Each chariot was drawn by a pair of horses and was manned by a driver and a fighter armed with spear, bow and arrows. The auxillary troops Medjay troops from Nubia were first used in Egypt as mercenaries against the Hyksos. The Medjay and other foreign recruits from vassal states such as Libya became indispensable to the New Kingdom army. The navy The navy was first used in combined land and sea campaigns against the Hyksos. It was

Ramesses the Great

1312 words - 5 pages Ramesses II, also known as Rameses and Ramses was the third Pharaoh of the nineteenth dynasty in ancient Egypt and arguably the most powerful ruler Egypt has seen. He led his civilization from 1279-1213 B.C.E. With a seemingly everlasting reign of around sixty six to sixty seven years, Ramesses aided Egypt in the ways of expansion and growth of power. Being born into royalty and prosperity, Ramesses was able to influence the politics and growth

Attitude of the Egyptian State and `Ordinary' Egyptians Towards `foreigners'

3117 words - 12 pages Prophecies of Neferti, Middle Kingdom M. Lichtheim Ancient Egyptian Literature, Vol.1 Protecting the borders of Egypt remained a priority for rulers all throughout Ancient Egyptian history. The following inscription is from a boundary stela from the reign of the Middle Kingdom king Senusret III. This stela is highly significant because it was found at Semna on the First Cataract of the Nile, and therefore much farther south into Nubia than the

Geography’s Impact on Culture and Society

2007 words - 8 pages Geography’s Impact on Culture and Society When studying ancient civilizations and the beginning societies in the world, the geography has shaped its story significantly. Depending on the location of the civilization society, whether or not water was nearby was crucial for its survival. With trade networks, metals, foods, and languages were spread. Weapons were able to be formed from these metals which led to a stronger military. Mountain

Stolen Legacy

1182 words - 5 pages reconstruction of neoplatonic philosophy, which contains a few Egyptian elements, but is fundamentally Greek.” If you have studied ancient Egyptian art and is mindful that the population of Egypt was racially mixed, which to say is not completely black at any time, though several pharaohs from Nubia and large cultural exchange took place with that area. To those unfamiliar with Egyptian or Greek history, or the works of the Greek philosophers

King Tutankhamun

990 words - 4 pages King Tutankhamun King Tutankhamun lived over 3,300 years ago during a period known as the New Kingdom. This period of time was called the New Kingdom because it was when the pharaohs united upper and lower Egypt into one kingdom with the capital being Memphis near current day Cairo. The reason I chose to write a research paper on King Tut is because he is one of the most well known pharaohs of ancient Egypt. Tutankhamun is most well known

Sudan's Struggle for Unification and Peace

1696 words - 7 pages Southern Sudan’s African heritage. Southern Sudan was isolated from the Northern region, which prevented Sudan from fully participating in the country's political, economic, and social life. This separation resulted in ethnic tension and caused racial clashes and dependence between the two groups. The turmoil and troubles in Sudan today began with a heavy Anglo- Egyptian influence on ancient-Sudan. As early as 8000 BC, the Egyptian pharaohs sought

Similar Essays

Ancient Egypt, The Nile River, Sub Saharan Africa, The Middle East And Their Relationship

916 words - 4 pages Ancient Egypt was located in a critical location that resulted in the healthy development and growth of nearby countries and regions. Egypt's premier location along side the Nile River allowed for easy travel, communication and technological development, but with it came great responsibility and power from the surrounding regions.The relationship of ancient Egypt and Africa was an extremely important one. It is clear that Egypt was the largest

New Kingdom Egypt Essay

2185 words - 9 pages treasuries were filled. He renewed trade with other nations the result of which can be seen in Ahhotep's jewellery. To accomplish all the tasks that lay ahead, Ahmose needed a centralised government and effective policies. He appointed a loyal official as commandant of Buhen, in Nubia in the south. This post was a forerunner of the position of viceroy or governor of Nubia. The idea of the "warrior pharaoh" was born during his reign, but was not

Talks On Archeology, France And Tutenkhamun

569 words - 2 pages cities such as Luxor, Asyut, and Kom el-Hisn. While doing graduate work at UCLA Smith spent time working in Nubia (Sudan). He told us that while on these archeology adventures he felt like Indiana Jones. For example, he got to scale cliffs and ride in a hot air balloon. One important difference that he noted between him and Indie is that a real archeologist must record and document everything they find. He explained that this was important because

Ancient Egypt Essay

632 words - 3 pages physician Imhotep, who also was said to have written one of the first medical texts with treatments for over 200 diseases. The Great Pyramid of Cheops, last of the seven wonders of the ancient world) and the pyramids of Khafre and Menkaure were also constructed during this time. Scientist say that the great pyramid of Giza should not exist because it s design was too advanced to be created by their current technology back then. Other say that it is