This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Ancient Religions Of India Essay

1078 words - 4 pages

Dating back to the period around 500 B.C.E., three religions spread throughout India. Jainism, Hinduism, and Buddhism prospered in this philosophical time. These religions shared several of the same concepts. However, each maintained individuality by branching off and putting emphasis on what they believed to be the key to liberation or enlightenment.
Hinduism is the easiest to distinguish from the group for several reasons. One is that they believe in the idea of a creator/God. This God is called Brahman. Hindus worship deities, along with spirits, trees, and animals. Hinduism has no known founder and no prophets, unlike both Buddhism and Jainism. Another main contrast between the 3 is that the Hindus had a caste system, while the others did not. This meant that they had a social structure in which classes were determined by heredity. Believers in Hinduism believe that there are four stages in life. The first one is dharma, the moral law. Not everyone’s dharma is the same, and duties are individual. Ultimately, you are to follow your own dharma in order to stop the rebirth cycle even if it seems to contradictory. Second is artha, which is focused on wealth, or material possessions. Everyone should enjoy these things. The third stage is kama, where you are supposed to delight in desires and passions. The fourth stage is the supreme accomplishment, moksha, which is unity with Brahman. This final stage puts an end to reincarnation. Hindus also believed in something that neither the Buddhists nor Jains would consider: animal sacrifice. Jains and many Buddhists don’t even eat meat, and some extremists would go as far as starvation as to not harm another for self-gain. Although, it was never written that Buddhists had to abstain from meat, Jains do. Where all 3 religions maintain the idea of peace, Hinduism is the only one of the group that would consider making an exception to violence, and did so for the sake of dharma.
Buddhism, founded by Siddhartha Gautama, came into existence when he was able to achieve “enlightenment” while on a quest to have a better understanding of life. This gave him the ability to have a perfect insight into what he thought were the processes of the Universe. His discovery prompted the teachings of the Four Noble Truths. They are the truth of suffering, the truth of the cause of suffering, the truth of the end of suffering, and the truth of the path that leads to the end of suffering. Both Buddhists and Jains agreed with the need to detach themselves from possessions, when Hinduism teaches that we should embrace them. Unlike Hindus, according to Buddhists, anyone can achieve liberation. Jainism also denies a caste system. It matters not what social scale you are on. In turn, like with Jainism, Buddhists don’t credit a creator for existence. Though, both believe in a type of higher beings. Buddhists refer to them as Bodhisattvas. Bodhisattvas mastered enlightenment, yet stayed back to assist others...

Find Another Essay On Ancient Religions of India

The Caste System of Ancient India

678 words - 3 pages Class structure has been part of the entire world from the beginning of civilization to the present day. In the case of ancient India, class division was a severely enforced social classification system, but unlike other cultures around the word the Caste system of India would not only determined someone’s occupation and place in society, but also the “hope for the ultimate salvation”(Duiker & Spielvogel, 2010, p. 36). Between 1500-1000 B.C.E

The Development of religions in ancient civilizations in relation to the fear of death

1019 words - 4 pages Religion played a major role and had a great portion of interest and involvement in the daily life of ancient cilvilizations alike.Infact, many aspects of life such as the night and day cycle, floods, wars, birth and death were important factors that created the feeling of superpowers which controlled the life of ancient civilizations.Death, was one of the greatest fears among all of them and the search for IMMORTALITY developed the humankind's

Eastern vs. Western Religion

906 words - 4 pages society, some religions have grown and expanded significantly. These larger religions have been classified as world religions. In addition, these world religions have been split into two categories known as Eastern and Western religion. Eastern religions have originated from the east side of the Earth from countries such as: China, Japan, and India. The Eastern religions have different histories some of which include a founder like Buddha in

India

1330 words - 6 pages that reside in its country, India offers many areas of its culture to explore. From music to the way they dress, Indians brings many insight and ways of life that make our world unique. India is portrayed as a spiritual country, blooming with various religions. 80% of its religion is made up of Hinduism. It is one of the most ancient religions in the world, being formed back around 5,000 years ago. It emphasizes meditation and has many Gods and

Ancient India and China

1081 words - 5 pages Shaeq Ahmed Religion of India and China The main religions of China were Confucianism, Taoism, and Legalism. The central religions in India were Hinduism and Buddhism. Both Ancient China and India had religious teachers that invented these prevalent religions. Confucius invented Confucianism, Lao Tzu

A Closeup View of Two Religions: Buddhism vs. Hinduism

588 words - 2 pages A Closeup View of Two Religions:Buddhism vs. HinduismBuddhism and Hinduism are two sacred religions that were found in India manyyears ago. These two religions were based on the Vedic religion coming from the Aryans.Buddhism and Hinduism have many beliefs, teachings, and facts that are similar anddifferent from each other.Buddhism is one of the world's most well known religions. Thisreligion was founded in India by Siddhartha Gautama. Siddhartha

Hinduism and Buddhism’s Influence of Indian Culture in Southeast Asia

2232 words - 9 pages interaction of Hinduism and Buddhism in Southeast Asia diffused the Indian culture and religions. Also, the people and rulers who were interested accepted the two religions that spread throughout the Southeast Asian area. However, rulers and elites determined the religious and cultural impact on their section of society (Ancient India in South East Asia, N.d.). This includes people and rulers adapting to the cultural differences from region to

The Three Main Modern Civilizations

1000 words - 4 pages and prayers. The Vedas was made during Aryan times. The Aryan people are famous for their fire sacrifice including the sacrificing of live animals. Hinduism also teaches concepts like karma and rebirth, similar to Buddhism. I personally credit these two religions as the most dominant reason Ancient India developed even half as much as it did. These three civilizations were simply amazing. They all thrived in rich culture and material riches for

Religions of the World

1365 words - 5 pages Religions of the World Religions of the world must be studied subjectively, or with the attitude of pluralism, the view that they are all equal. A number of methods are used to study religions. The most common is the historical comparative method in which a certain faith's history and traditions are deliberated. This method focuses on orthodoxy, meaning "correct thought." Another method is the phenomenological method. This method

Similarities Between Buddhism and Christianity

793 words - 3 pages In present-day society, the globalization, briefly including economics, and culture, has become an unstoppable tendency. With its rapid development and cultural communication, some controversies have emerged. Religious conflicts are characteristic examples showing the detrimental influences of cultural globalization. It is generally acknowledged that Buddhism and Christianity are ancient and global religions; however, whether the belief in

Life and Works of Mahatma Gandhi

567 words - 2 pages In the early 1600's sailors from Great Britain made their way to India. At that time India was a country rich in traditions and culture thousands of years old. The British Empire took control of the government of India and forever changed the face of that country. Ancient traditions and religions were thrown out, made illegal by ruthless British generals eager to make India another England. As you can well imagine, the native people of India

Similar Essays

Ancient Religions Of India Essay

1409 words - 6 pages three religions that took root in India a common thread can be found in the goal of leaving this world on better terms than how one entered it. Despite the route one took, whether it is Jain, Buddha or Hindu, one seems destined to have an opportunity to improve upon any mistakes made in life until they get it right. However, the proponents of Hinduism, at least, seem to have taken into consideration the possibility of enjoying the life that one is currently living, more than Buddhism and certainly more than Jainism. Works Cited History of World Societies

Religions Of The Ancient World Essay

693 words - 3 pages Dipti Budhrani Mr. Yurchak American Literature 20 February 2014 Religions of the Ancient World Religion is an ever-growing idea that has no set date of origin. Throughout history religion has served as an answer to the questions that man could not resolve. The word religion is derived from the Latin word “religio” meaning restraint in collaboration with the Greek word “relegere” which means to repeat or to read again. Religion is currently

Political Organizations Of Ancient India Essay

941 words - 4 pages Ancient India was known for its maharajas, maharanis, rajputs and the beautiful palaces created by the rajas. The credit is given to the political empires and the rajas for the formation of India. They are the ones who have created India. Whereas many empires were short-lived, others ruled for years and played a big role in the formation of India’s political system. Empires such as the Magadha, Mauryan, Shakas, Indo-Greeks, Kushanas, and the

The Birth Of Religions And Philosophies In The Ancient World

1315 words - 5 pages India and parts of Nepal, a collection of major religions that we know today began to form and flourish, finally establishing around 600 AD (O’Brien). It is here that Hinduism is acknowledged as the oldest religion to be established in the ancient world, with the philosophical teachings of Siddhartha Gautama following close behind. Hinduism by all means was a religion, and was characterized as being polytheistic, meaning that the believers