Ancient Rome Leading To Developing Europe.

933 words - 4 pages

Chapter 4What factors contributed to Alexander's success as a military conqueror and organizer of a large empire?First, the death of Alexander's father while he was still young and very determined was a timely event that contributed to his success. The Persian Empire, being weak when Alexander decided to conquer it, helped lead to his success in the defeat of the Persians. His initial victories everywhere he went really helped him believe in himself and his abilities, even if a bit too much. This winning attitude, and gaining more and more subjects and land, all contributed to his continued success as a military conqueror and organizer of a large empire.What is the legacy of the Hellenistic Age as it relates to the later development of Western Europe?The Hellenistic Age at first might not seem like an important part of history, however, there was a great legacy left behind from this time frame. The Hellenistic age was all about preservation. Thoughts and ideals, books, and art from the Greeks were preserved during this time and reused later by the Romans. Main aspects of this time frame that helped later shape the de3velopment of Western Europe was their Authoritarian governments, ruler cults, economic instability, skepticism, intense religiosity, art and the collection of it, and the later two co-existing, science and superstition. All of these ideals and objects would help shape Europe and their ideals later on.Chapter 51. How were the Romans able to conquer the other peoples of Italy, and then defeat the Carthaginians and other nations surrounding the Mediterranean Sea?The Romans were able to conquer the other peoples of Italy and then the Carthaginians by taking their time and not imposing unbearable consequences on the defeated nations. They mainly just required the newly defeated to contribute soldiers to the Roman army. This helped to build the army and continually make it stronger. To build loyalty to the army, Rome gave the defeated nations the Latin Right. This helped them feel a part of what was going on with the military and politics and built a sense of patriotism towards Rome. After the Romans had this substantial Army built, they were more than ready to set out on overseas conquests. The Punic Wars were a series of wars fought with Carthage. After the first war lasting 23 years, Rome acquired Sicily, Corsica, and Sardinia. A second war lasted 16 years and ended with Rome gaining all of Carthage's territories except for Carthage itself and some areas around Africa. A final war lasting 3 years saw the destruction of Carthage and its survivors sold into slavery. Rome was able to win all of these wars by their sheer number of soldiers, loyalty of surrounding nations that were treated well by Rome, and because of their determination and thought used to...

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