This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Andersonville Civil War Prison Camp Essay

2099 words - 8 pages

Andersonville Prison Camp The American Civil War left behind a long list of controversies that even after well over a century still stir emotions and provoke debate. "No controversy ever evoked such emotions as the mutual recriminations between Northern and Southern partisans over the treatment of prisoners of war. To the end of their lives, ex-prisoners wrote books, appeared before Congressional committees, and addressed conventions of veterans to recount their adversities and to point accusing fingers at their cruel and conspiratorial enemy" (Hesseltine 5). Throughout the war approximately 193,743 Northerners and 219,865 Southerners were captured and confined. Over thirty thousand Union prisoners died in captivity and around thirteen thousand died in Andersonville alone (Davis 351).Historians continue researching this inhumane prison camp to reveal its facts and conditions. Andersonville was a small village in Sumter County, Georgia where Confederate captain W. Sidney Winder was sent in November of 1863 to assess the building of a new prison camp. In December 1863, Winder adopted the prison design and in January 1864 the slaves from local farms began the building of the prison ("Andersonville Civil War Prison"). Andersonville was a favorable prison location because of its deep South location, availability of fresh water, and its proximity to the Southwestern Railroad (Davis 351). The prison was designed to hold ten thousand prisoners in sixteen and a half acres of land. It was rectangular in shape and had a small creek flowing roughly through its center. The stockade enclosure was approximately one thousand and ten feet long and seven hundred and eighty feet wide. The walls were constructed of pine logs, cut square, then set vertically in a wall trench that was dug five feet deep. These poles were cut to a thickness of eight to twelve inches and placed right next to each other so no glimpse of the outside could be caught ("Andersonville Civil War Prison"). A light fence known as the deadline was erected approximately nineteen to twenty-five feet inside the stockade wall to keep prisoners from trying to escape. Anyone crossing this line was immediately shot by sentries who were posted at intervals around the stockade wall. Included in the construction were two gates which were placed along the West Stockade line. These gates were about thirty square feet and were built from massive timbers. They had heavy doors that opened into the prison on one side and outside on the other. Each gate also contained a door-sized entryway known as a wicket ("Letter From Georgia"). The population of Andersonville Prison continued to increase and by August there were over thirty-three thousand prisoners held there. As a result of the overpopulation a larger prison was necessary. The prison walls were extended six hundred and ten feet to the north, about ten acres, bringing the total prison area to twenty-six and a half acres...

Find Another Essay On Andersonville Civil War Prison Camp

Civil War Prison camps Essay

965 words - 4 pages Civil War Prison Camps It was 1864 when Horatio Kirkland Foote was taken to a prison camp. Horatio was taken to Andersonville which is located in south-west Georgia where within the 14 months that the prison was open over 45,000 other people were taken as well. Andersonville was the largest prison camp out of more than 150 recorded camps between both sides. When Horatio was at Andersonville, the conditions were vile along with all prison

Andersonville Raiders Civil War Essay

567 words - 2 pages Andersonville Raiders Andersonville Prison was known by many as "The Hell on Earth." Although the prison was only built to hold 10,000 prisoners, over 30,000 prisoners were packed in there. This caused a shortage in food and water. Because of this, a band of thieves and thugs began to form. They were known as the "Andersonville Raiders." The Raiders performed a plethora of heartless actions while being held at the prison. Very few

Why the prison camps during the American Civil war were so terrible

1110 words - 4 pages The prison camps of the American Civil War were terrible due to the falling apart of prisoner exchange programs, the decline of paroles available for officers, and poor war strategies by both sides. Camps were scattered across the country in both the North and the South. The best known of the Union camps were; Fortress Monroe, Virginia; Ohio State Penitentiary, Ohio and point Lookout, Maryland. The better known of the Confederate camps were


1732 words - 7 pages Confederate military from February 1864 to April 1865. The official name of the prison was Camp Sumter, but the prison is now commenly called Andersonville ("Andersonville" Andersonville). Andersonville was the largest of all Confederate prisons during the Civil War. Andersonville was constructed during the early portion of 1864 near the town of Andersonville, Georgia. Andersonville started out as sixteen and half acres of land. In June of 1864 the

History of Andersonville Prison

4587 words - 18 pages war camp that housed more then forty thousand Union soldiers (Hillstrom 499). At Andersonville and under the orders of Henry Wirz, twelve thousand prisoners died of diseases and hunger, making the prison the most notorious during the Civil War. In November 1865, Wirz was hanged by the federal government for crimes committed at Andersonville. He was the only official executed for his actions during the Civil War. Heinrich Hartmann Wirz was born

Shattered: The Effects of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

2009 words - 9 pages torment ran rampant through the ranks of Civil War prisoners. Among prison camps, the Confederate-operated Andersonville prison in Georgia takes the trophy for being the most extreme. Conditions at the camp were gruesome. The vastly overpopulated, unsanitary, and poorly supplied camp led to the demise of 12,000 captives at Andersonville, a gruesome figure that would torment those who lived among the dead. Upon his arrival at Andersonville

Civil War POW Atrocities

1530 words - 6 pages food.Andersonville is probably the most well known of all the prison camps. The location was selected deep in the Confederacy along an ample railroad route and thought to be in the perfect area. This area was far away from the battles of the war and within a very productive agriculture region. It was located in Sumter County, Georgia from 1864 until the end of the war and was closer to a concentration camp than a prison.The guards at Andersonville were

MacKinlay Kantor's "Andersonville"

2880 words - 12 pages since passed on, his works still live. Andersonville, his most famous work, is the fictional story of a very real prison camp for Northern soldiers during the Civil War. The tales of the people in the story truly draw the reader in, and make a person, on a fundamental level, attached to the prisoners.Aside from the obvious heart-wrenching and powerful stories of the inmates at Andersonville, Kantor masterfully weaves in several other tales as well

Civil War Prisons

1180 words - 5 pages Confederate States of America was also the distribution center for the Confederate prison system. Until the battle of First Manassas many captured Union Soldiers were exchanged or paroled on the field. But with the first true battle of the Civil war brought 1,300 Union POW¡¯s to the Confederate Capital. This caused an immediate problem, which called for immediate action. Jefferson Davis called for a state of martial law, within three weeks of

“Red Cap” Book Report

777 words - 4 pages losing hope. He had sung all of his friends to their graves. Now he was going to see his. Ransom J. Powell felt like he might never make it out of the disgusting prison his childhood was spent on. Red Cap displays the life at Andersonville perfectly. It uses simple terms and simple concepts yet displays the complex pain and sufferings of thousands of prisoners of war both at Andersonville Prison and other prisoners of war during the Civil War. Works Cited Wisler, G. Clifton. Red Cap. New York: Puffin, 1994. Print.

Death Camp

1342 words - 5 pages ndersonville Prison: The Civil War’s Death Camp      The first time that confining large amounts of prisoners of war was dealt was during the American Civil War(Roberts, 12). Both the Union and the Confederacy had regulations that said the P.O.W.s had to be treated humanely, one of them saying that a wounded prisoner would be taken to the back of the army and be treated with the rest of the soldiers(14). There were also

Similar Essays

Civil War Prison Camp Essay

2099 words - 8 pages Andersonville Prison Camp The American Civil War left behind a long list of controversies that even after well over a century still stir emotions and provoke debate. "No controversy ever evoked such emotions as the mutual recriminations between Northern and Southern partisans over the treatment of prisoners of war. To the end of their lives, ex-prisoners wrote books, appeared before Congressional committees, and addressed conventions of

The Infamous Civil War Prison Andersonville

5343 words - 21 pages The Infamous Civil War Prison Andersonville The Confederacy established Andersonville, that most infamous of Civil War prisons, in late February, 1864. It built a stockade in west central Georgia to accommodate approximately 10,000 prisoners of war. As the fighting moved ever deeper into the South in the last year of the war, the expanded stockade at one point held nearly 33,000 Union soldiers. The termination by the North of the prisoner

Comparing The Treatment Of Prisoners Of War In The Andersonville And The Rock Island Prison Camp During The Civil War

2215 words - 9 pages A. Plan of investigation The ethics and rules of war have been a fiercely debated topic for centuries. One facet of war that is particularly divisive is the treatment of prisoners of war. This investigation compares the treatment of prisoners of war in the Andersonville and Rock Island prison camps during the American Civil War. Andersonville and Rock Island are widely regarded as the harshest prison camps of the Confederate and Union armies

Avoiding The Grave At Andersonville: Three Young Men From Leopold, Indiana, Survive The Civil War Prison

1970 words - 8 pages replica of Our Lady found its new home in southern Indiana. Following their capture and shipment to the horrid Civil War prison at Andersonville, four young men—Isidore Naviaux, Henry Devillez, Lambert Rogier, and Xavier Rogier—endured appalling conditions and made an oath to pay tribute to Our Lady of Consolation if one survived. Naviaux, along with the others, did not know what he signed himself up for. Mustered into the 93rd Indiana