This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

Andrea Palladio Essay

970 words - 4 pages

The Renaissance produced a wealth of great skill and craftsmanship. Describe in detail the work of one of its great artists or architects.

Andrea Palladio (1508-80) was one of the most influential figures of Renaissance architecture, who worked in Vicenza in northern Italy as well as in Venice and the surrounding Veneto.

Born in Padua, Palladio trained as a stonemason moving to Vicenza in 1524 to continue his training. Giangiorgio Trissino (1478-1550), his patron, introduced him to classical and humanist studies and took him on his first trip to Rome – where he later spent two years studying. His architectural development was deeply influenced by this direct study of Roman antiquity.

Trissino’s patronage gave Palladio access to a powerful humanist circle who provided him with commissions for the duration of his career – including Palladio’s public projects such as the Palazzo della Ragione, or Basilica, and the Teatro Olimpico which together permanently changed Vicenza’s public architecture.

Originally a Gothic town hall, the Palazzo della Ragione or Basilica (commissioned in 1549), was on the verge of crumbling and Palladio won a competition to redesign it. His answer was to encase it on three sides with a two-storey loggia that provided reinforcement and transformed the exterior with classic columned arcades on two levels. Arches were placed between pilasters, Doric on the lower level, Ionic above, supporting entablatures. In each bay, the arch rests on small columns placed away from the larger pilasters with a rectangular gap in between - now known as the ‘Palladian motif’.

Palladio had an exceptional grasp of the use of proportion in classical architecture and believed beautiful architecture improved people’s lives and their behaviour. He aimed to create architectural perfection through symmetry; proportion - based on the human body’s proportions; the classical Orders; sculptural decoration and pioneering construction and engineering.

Venetian rule and the corresponding extended period of peace and stable government encouraged economic success in Vicenza and the Veneto and an energetic period of architectural regeneration - existing tower houses and small buildings were superseded by larger houses and palaces which showed off the prosperity of the city’s land-owning nobility. The countryside landscape was permanently altered and a new style of country home – the villa – was built.

Palladio created a new form for these villas by reinventing the Veneto tradition of rural architecture – a central house with a portico or loggia across part of the façade, a horizontal room plan and two symmetrical end towers – using his newly obtained classical insights.

Examples include the Villa Barbaro at Maser (begun c. 1550) which has a middle building – resembling a temple - between extended arms. The interior plan is characteristically Palladian with a Greek cross plan using a central space with smaller rooms slotted into...

Find Another Essay On Andrea Palladio

Lord Burlington and Chiswick House Essay

2139 words - 9 pages was mainly inspired by the publication of two important volumes in 1715. One was the first English translation of The Four Books of Architecture by Andrea Palladio, the 16th century Venetian architect and the other was Volume One of Vitruvius Britannicus, a compilation of compendium of British classical architecture by Colen Campbell, a Scottish architect. Campbell made it clear that he admired Palladio and Inigo Jones, his early 17th century

Can Michelangelo's unique view of space be attributed to the creation of mannerism into an aesthetic revolution?

642 words - 3 pages . Mannerism in a way was a rebellion against the rights of architecture and the freedom of imagination. "Really known in architectural history was Andrea Palladio for his mannerist writings and villas rather than his churches and palaces." (Venturi 2004:91) His work was the closest to mannerism than any other, especially the Villa Capra in Rome. What Palladio did that Michelangelo almost did was to bring mannerism to the homes of people. Although

The legacy of the renaissance

1580 words - 6 pages worked on designs for weapons and sculpted as well as the study of human anatomy. Leonardo Da Vinci died on May 2nd 1519. And it is said that King Francis was at his side when he died, cradling Leonardo's head in his arms. Another great figure of the renaissance was the Architect (Andrea Palladio) born in the year 1508, Palladio was a master architect and is often described as the most influential and copied architect in the Western world. Palladio

Thomas Jefferson: Great American

702 words - 3 pages his private plantation in Virginia, Monticello. He based the design of the house on drawings by 16th-century Italian architect Andrea Palladio but constantly modified the house as he learned more about architecture. Another building Jefferson is credited for designing was the Virginia State Capitol in Richmond. He based his design upon an ancient Roman building in southern France, the Maison Carrée in Nîmes. Thomas Jefferson also

The Art of Inigo Jones

1136 words - 5 pages caricature of him found in Ben Jonson’s 1633 play, A Tale of a Tub. One fact about Jones that is known is that he was well traveled. He made two trips to Italy during his life, the first occurring sometime between 1598 and1603. While there, Jones became fluent in Italian and studied architecture. He became fascinated by the Roman ruins and was greatly influenced by the work of Italian architect Andrea Palladio. While in Italy, Jones also

Time Capsule

952 words - 4 pages was one of the most important developments in the Baroque Era.ArchitectureArchitecture is defined as the science of designing, and building of a structure. In architecture, advancements in machinery date back to ancient times. During the Renaissance, architects hoped to create structures that would appeal to both emotion and reason. Three figures in during the Renaissance were Filippo Brunelleschi, Leon Battista Alberti, and Andrea Palladio. In

The New State House on Top of Beacon Hill

1143 words - 5 pages (cite 3). After the construction and renewal of the dome, 19th century Boston writer Oliver Wendell declared the State House as the “hub of the solar system” (cite 5). The interior design of the State House is just as breath taking as the exterior. Architect Charles Bulfinch designed the edifice after taking a trip to Europe where he fell in love with the work of Andrea Palladio, a late-Renaissance Italian architect. He also fell in love with

Artists and Art and Learning during the Renaissance

2775 words - 11 pages . During this Mannerist, or late Renaissance, period a number of distinguished masters emerged in all the arts.Among the architects of this period there was one that stood above all, his name was Andrea Palladio. He was trained as a stone carver in his native city of Vicenza. he became an architect only about halfway through his life. He is famous for a series of country villas in the area around Venice called the Veneto. Particularly significant is the


1687 words - 7 pages Renaissance was not a smooth transitional time. There continued to be disquiet, wars and times of peril. "Following the devastating Sack of Rome in 1527 by forces of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, the spotlight shifts to Venice and central Italy with artists such as Giorgione, Titian, and Antonio Correggio, as well as architect Andrea Palladio. During the mid to late sixteenth century--in the wake of the breakup of Christendom into opposing camps, the

The Role Of Women in the Renaissance

1718 words - 7 pages using the bona adventitia that clung to her" (Kuehn 74). The Renaissance was not a smooth transitional time. There continued to be disquiet, wars and times of peril. "Following the devastating Sack of Rome in 1527 by forces of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V, the spotlight shifts to Venice and central Italy with artists such as Giorgione, Titian, and Antonio Correggio, as well as architect Andrea Palladio. During the mid to late sixteenth

heritages in USA

1532 words - 6 pages 5,000 acres (2,000 ha), with extensive cultivation of tobacco and mixed crops, with labor by slaves. What started as a mainly tobacco plantation switched over to a wheat plantation later in Jefferson's life.The house, which Jefferson designed, was based on the neoclassical principles described in the books of the Italian Renaissance architect Andrea Palladio. He reworked it through much of his presidency to include design elements popular in late

Similar Essays

La Rotonda Essay

1171 words - 5 pages La Rotonda One of the great architects in time was Andrea Palladio, who was made famous for his magnificent Villas built in Italy in the fifteen hundreds. To do so he drew from the Greek and Roman’s architecture, studying many of their finest works, to create his masterful villas. This process would develop into a style of architecture, which became known as Palladianism. This style has inspired buildings which have dominated the

Trento And Vicenza Essay

1216 words - 5 pages province of Vicenza.? It sits at the point where the Retrone and Bacchiglione Mountains come together.? The city was defeated and put under Venetian rule in the 15th century.? Starting with the 15th century and continuing into the 16th century Vicenza experienced a great prosperity.? The prosperity was reflected in a great building program, which has left the city with a classical type aspect.? The famous architect, Andrea Palladio lived during

Classical Design Elements In Architecture Essay

901 words - 4 pages simplicity and harmony. “The preeminent architect of the Mannerist style was Andrea di Pietro, known as Palladio”(Matthews And Platt 340). The work that Palladio is most synonymous with is the Villa Capra, also known as the Villa Rotunda. The Villa Rotunda, based on the Classical design of a Roman farmhouse, was built for a wealthy Venetian (Matthews and Platt 340,341). The Villa highlights Classical principles of architecture in a number of

Chiswick House Essay

949 words - 4 pages Italian architect Andrea Palladio (1508-1580) provide inspirations for the Chiswick House. Lord Burlington was offered a design by architect Colen Campbell for a villa familiarly based on Palladio’s Villa Capra “La Rotonda” near Vicenza therefore, it is often said that Chiswick House is directly inspired by Villa Capra. Palladio made an important influence on Lord Burlington through his plans and reconstructions of lost Roman buildings. Many of the