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Andrew Jackson And His Presidency Essay

1380 words - 6 pages

Andrew Jackson the seventh President of the United States, (1829-1837) was born on March 15, 1767, in Waxhaw, South Carolina. He fought in the Revolutionary War, studied law, and in 1788 moved to Nashville, Tennessee. While he was in Nashville, he served as a judge, congressman, prosecutor, and senator. Jackson ran for the office of the President in the election of 1824. According to biographer Donald B. Cole, “The sudden death of his beloved Rachel had only served to renew the anger and frustration that had consumed Jackson after losing the presidency to John Quincy Adams four years earlier. The Presidency of Andrew Jackson” (3). He won the popular vote, but there was no clear winner in the Electoral College. Since there was a tie in the Electoral College votes, the election had to be decided in the House of Representatives, who voted and picked John Quincy Adams as the winner. The campaign was scandalous. “Jacksonians had denounced Adams for squandering money on a billiard table and other luxuries for the president’s house, as the White House was then called, and made the preposterous charge that Adam had “procured” a woman for the czar of Russia while serving there as minister” Cole ( 3-4).
However Jackson was not satisfied with the result, and he started motivating people by saying that he would fight for equality. He stressed equality of rights conferred by the Constitution. This message of equal rights and popular rule split Jackson and the common people of the United States from the more privileged people like John Adams. As a result, the two political parties emerged for the second time in the history of United States- the Democrats who were pro Jackson and the Nationals who were pro Adams. This is the foundation of our two party present day system. When Jackson ran again for the presidency against Adams in 1828, he won. His hostility to business corporations and to Clay’s American system won support from Northeastern artisans and workers who felt threatened by industrialization.
Jackson’s election as president in 1828 brought a new era of popular democracy. His presidency is marked by an enhanced presidential authority and policies focused on common people rather than just the wealthy elite. He promoted his version of democracy in which the majority would rule and power would be taken away from the rich elite and given to the people. For example, the two major issues during Jackson’s presidency were the Nullification Crisis and the Bank War. When Jackson took office in 1829, the sectional differences over transportation subsidies and protective tariffs on imports to aid American manufactures were increasing. According to the historians, “The National Republicans were worried over Jackson’s apparent shift in policy when they read his 1831 annual message to Congress. They had expected to use his anti- Bank position in the coming presidential election to defeat him. The Life of Andrew Jackson” (222).There was fierce opposition to high...

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