Andrew Jackson And His Road To Presidency

1503 words - 6 pages

Wioletta AbramczykAndrew Jackson- Symbol for an AgeJohn William WardOxford University PressNew York, 1955213 pagesAndrew Jackson and his road to the PresidencyAndrew Jackson, who was the 7th President of the United States, managed to capture the imagination of masses. He attracted the admiration of some and the hatred of others, as no other President had before. He was also the first President to be the target of an assassin, a madman- Richard Lawrence who thought he was heir to the British throne. Fortunately, Jackson got out of it with no harm, although as Ward writes : " two pistols were fired at Jackson not more than 6 feet away.(?. ) An expert on small arms calculated the odds on two successive misfires of this nature to be about 125,000 to 1." ( 1955: 114)It is interesting to see how this simple ' frontiersman' became the President and as many say, a symbol for an age.Andrew Jackson was born in 1767 in Carolinas in a poor Scotch-Irish family. Jackson's father died shortly before his birth, his childhood was definitely not an easy one. At the age of 13, Jackson was captured by the British, wounded and nearly killed for not polishing a British officer's boots. Soon his brother died of smallpox and then died his mother fatally stricken by cholera.Left alone Jackson managed to finish school, although in the first years he gained a reputation for wilderness and hooliganism. At the age of 17 he started to work for a lawyer and after a couple of years of practicing law Jackson himself became a successful lawyer . He prospered well enough to buy slaves and to build a mansion , the 'Hermitage' , near Nashville.Soon Jackson was the first man from Tennessee elected to the House of Representatives, but the real turning point in his career was the War of 1812. As a major general Jackson defeated the British at New Orleans, although nobody counted on it or even expected such a turn of events. Moreover at that time American nation did not believe in a victory any longer. No surprise that after the victory at New Orleans Jackson quickly gained popularity and soon became a national hero. John William Ward says: ' The victory at New Orleans was the victory of American farmer' ( 1995: 9). He continues: " The battle of new Orleans was the sort that stirs the imagination. Hastily summoned to New Orleans, Andrew Jackson took command of an ill-organised and ill-equipped body of men recruited from the city of New Orleans and the states of Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee and Kentucky. The force under Jackson was vastly outnumbered and, except for his own Tennessee troops, had little or no battle experience. Facing them was the finest body of troops (? )The result still seems incredible. (?) the British lost more than 2000 in killed, wounded, and missing. The American loss was approximately 8 killed and 13 wounded."(1955: 17).It is said that the year 1814 marks the emergence of Andrew Jackson on the national scene. His victory over the British raised the morale of...

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