Andrew Jackson Jacksonian Period Essay

1207 words - 5 pages

Mario MunozU.S. AP HistoryMr. Martinez 4thNov/ 5/ 2014Jacksonian Democrats DBQ EssayAlthough Jacksonian Democrats viewed themselves as the guardians of the U.S. Constitution, political democracy, individual liberty, and equality of opportunity, their actions during the 1820s and 1830 tended to contradict the ideology they stood for.Andrew Jackson, known as the first working class president, was in favor for a more democratic country. The majority of America was in the working class so Jackson obtained much support which resulted in creating a political party, the Jacksonian Democrats. They helped create a more democratic America and because of this, they believed that they themselves were the protectors of the constitution. Although, despite calling themselves the "protectors" of the constitution, Jacksonian Democrats and even Andrew Jackson himself used the Constitution in many cases as an excuse for their actions. This is why Jacksonian Democracy seen today is a contradiction in itself in some ways. One example is his veto of the re-charter of the Bank of the United States. In his veto message, Jackson feels that the Bank of the United States is corrupt and it is unconstitutional. So Jackson decides to do away with the bank with the veto(Doc. B). However, Jackson's veto was viewed as a selfish act for his own personal reasons. Jackson felt as if the bank favored the Northern states more, but all of Jackson's supporters were mostly in the southern states. If he had not vetoed the re-charter of the bank, the southern states, (his supporters) would be alienated. Another reason is that the only person he despised more than anyone else was Henry Clay, and he was a supporter of the bank that actually proposed the re-charted of the bank. which was seen as selfish to his opposing party, the republicans. Daniel Webster, a strong republican, wrote a reply to Jackson's veto message (Doc. C), saying how Jackson is using his executive powers as an advantage to take control of the government, and was absolutely convinced that Jackson vetoed the re-charter of the bank for personal reasons. Jackson believes that the Bank of the United states was unconstitutional, yet he was using his executive power to overpower the other branches of government, which makes Jacksons' actions very contradicting.Economically, Jackson was building a country that gave the people an equal opportunity to contribute to the economy and a sense of less poverty in the U.S. To Harriet Martineau, this is what she felt when she first entered America in 1837(Doc. D). Jackson did have the right ideas, but they were put to the test when Andrew Jackson passed the tariff in 1828. Jackson hoped to push this tariff through to embarrass Adams and his administration and to assist Jackson in getting elected in 1828. Ultimately, it led to an embarrassment to Jackson because it was a complete failure. Northerners were experiencing a boom from the Tariff while the south was suffering from economic...

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